In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Ibnul Jawzee (rahimahullaah) said:
A thought came to my mind about that which takes places in the world of calamities, hardships and great afflictions, which have difficult end results; so I said: Glorified is Allaah and free is He from all imperfections! Indeed, Allaah is The Most Generous of all those who show generosity, and generosity necessitates forbearance and forgiveness.
So from which angle are those punishments viewed? I thought about it and saw that the existence of many people is like non-existence. They neither study the evidences about the Oneness of Allaah (in His Lordship, Names and Attributes and that He alone has the right to be worshipped) nor do they abide by the commandments and prohibitions of (Allaah); rather they carry on in their habits like cattle.
And unless the Islamic legislation agrees with what they want, otherwise they depend on their personal selfish interests. And after obtaining the Deenaar (money), they do not care whether it was from lawful or unlawful (means). They pray when it is easy for them, and if not they abandon it. Amongst them are those who openly commit great sins, whilst being aware of its prohibition. It may be that there is a scholar with strong understanding and his sins are grave indeed. So I came to know that even when the punishments are great, they are lesser (in severity) than their crimes.
And when punishments occur to wipe away sins, those (responsible for such sins) scream (saying): ‘’which sin is this for?’’ and they forget what has proceeded (of sins), some of which makes the earth shake. An old man becomes so insignificant to the extent that the hearts become sympathetic, whilst he does not know that this is due to him not giving significance to the commandments of Allaah in his youth.
[Source: Saydul Khaatir: page: 18-19]
And Allaah knows best
Translated by: Abu Mu-aawiyyah (Abdullaah Al-Gambi)
If Allah test a person does it means He loves him?
Explained by Shaykh Sulayman Ruhaylee
The questioner says: If Allah loves a person He tries him with adversity, therefore if a person is befallen with misfortune is this proof that Allah loves this Muslim?
Shaykh Sulayman Ruhaylee:
Pay attention brothers. Trials and tribulations, as it relates to them in general, have reasons.
The first reason is due to the deficiency of the person because of his sins. So he will be afflicted with calamities due to his sins.
And the second reason is the shortcomings of the Muslim. Meaning: Allah desires for the slave a position in paradise but he is not able to reach it by his actions. Thus Allah says to the Angels; pour down upon him calamities in abundance. This is in order to raise his status; and these are two affairs.
And if a calamity befalls a person then he should have a good thought about his Lord and a bad thought about himself. So when he looks from his own perspective he says: “This is from my sins.” And we all make mistakes. (And looking at it in this way) will allow him to leave off the sin. And when he looks at the situation as it relates to Allah the Glorified and Exalted he says: “Perhaps Allah wants good for me, perhaps Allah wants a high position (in paradise) for me.”
Some of the scholars; we have heard them say; the individual as it relates to himself he views it due to his sins, and as it relates to others he views it due to them being elevated in status. Meaning, if a trial befalls you then you view that you have been afflicted based upon your sins. And if a trial befalls your brother then you view it as Allah desires to elevate his status, this is from the angle of having a good thought about your brother. And this is a good affair.
Some of the people, when a calamity befalls his brother they add to the calamity. Rather than giving them condolences and improving the situation, they inflict more punishment. If the person’s child dies, if the person is in an accident, he comes and says: “Brother this is from your sins!”
And this is incorrect, even if the statement could be true. Rather he should improve the situation and give him condolences and approach him with good manners and say: “O my brother, there are some trials that contain a reward which was not sought after, so it they occur they are better for the person.” For example the death of a child; the death of a child contains a great reward but this reward is not sought after. “The person does not want for his child to die, but if he dies there is a great reward. A house will be built for him in paradise. And I hope that this will be the case for you as it relates to your trial.” “And we are deficient, and we are sinners, perhaps we have committed some sins and Allah desires to pardon us for our sins; and all praises belong to Allah.” (He should say) something along these lines.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Masjid Tawheed wa Sunnah, Durham, NC
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him) stated:
“Whoever believes in the messengers and obeys them, their enemies display enmity towards him and harm him. Therefore he (the believer) is tested by that which hurts him. If the person doesn’t believe in them and he doesn’t obeys them, he is punished in the life of this world and in the hereafter. Therefore that which hurts him comes about. And that which hurts him is the greatest of pain and more lasting than the pain that befalls the followers of the Messengers. Therefore its a must that that one goes through hardship/pain whether you believe or turn away from Eemaan. However (the difference is that) the believer experiences pain in the life of this world to start, then he will have a good ending in the life of this world and in the hereafter. As for the one who turned away from Eemaan, he will experience delight to start with then he will proceed on to the everlasting punishment.”
Taking from “Ad-Daw al-Muneer alaa at-Tafseer” 4/490.
Translated by Abu Yusuf Khaleefah 7th of Jumaadaa ath-Thaaniyah 1433/ 28th of April 2012