The Condition of the Salaf in Ramadhaan
Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
I have some questions; the first question: what was the state of the Salaf As-Saalih, may Allaah have mercy upon them and be pleased with them, in anticipation of this great month? How was their guidance? How was their character and their conduct? The second matter, O eminent Shaykh, how does the Muslim prepare to take advantage of these nights and days which he is now living in; preparation by way of knowledge, by knowing the rulings of fasting and knowing the nullifiers of the fast and its rulings? Some of the people are heedless of these things so they do not understand the affair of fasting and they also do not have the obligatory understanding of the affair of the fast, has the Shaykh noticed this matter? May Allaah reward you.
In the name of Allaah the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. Wa Alaykum As-Salaam wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh; may Allaah bless you. Regarding that which you have drawn attention to, from these two great matters; the first question is regarding the condition of the Salaf in the month of Ramadhaan. The condition of the Salaf, as it is recorded in the narrated books with chains of narrations from the trustworthy people (narrating) from them is that they would ask Allaah the Mighty and Majestic to make them reach Ramadhaan before it entered; they would ask Allaah to make them reach the month of Ramadhaan due to what they knew that it contained from abundant good and general benefit. Then, when Ramadhaan entered, they would ask Allaah to aid them upon righteous actions therein. The when Ramadhaan ended they would ask Allaah to accept it from them. As Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ ٦٠ أُولَئِكَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَهُمْ لَهَا سَابِقُونَ ٦١
“And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning). It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. offering the compulsory Salât (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times and so on].”(Al-Mu’minun 23:60-61)
They would strive hard in doing actions, then worry would afflict them, after the action, as to whether their action was accepted or not. That was due to their knowledge of the greatness of Allaah and their knowledge that Allaah does not accept except that (action) which is done purely for His face and correctly in accordance with the Sunnah of His Messenger from actions. So they would not purify themselves, and they would fear that their actions would be rendered null. So (worry) that they (the action) will be accepted was weightier with them than (even) the performance of them. This is because Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:
إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ
“Verily, Allaah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).” (Al-Ma’idah 5:27)
So they would devote their time within this month, as we have previously mentioned, to worship and would minimize actions of the Dunyaa. They would spend their time sitting in the houses of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and they would say: We are safeguarding our fast and we will not backbite anyone. They would read the Mus-hafs and study the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. They would safeguard its time from squandering. They were not heedless or negligent as many of the people are today. Rather, they would preserve its time; the night, by standing (in prayer) and the day by fasting, recitation of the Qur’aan, the remembrance of Allaah, and righteous actions. They were not negligent therein of (even) a minute or a second, except that they would put forth therein righteous actions. This is the first question.
Translated by Raha ibn Donald Batts
Posted from: http://mtws.posthaven.com
Giving Short Talks after Four Rakat in Taraweeh Prayer
Imam Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al Albani
Translated by Rasheed Barbee
The Imam Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al Albani may Allah have mercy upon him said…
The standing in prayer during Ramadan has only been legislated to increase in the closeness to Allah the Mighty and Majestic by standing in prayer. For this reason we don’t see that we should make the tawareeh prayer mixed with something from knowledge or teaching or anything like that. It is only befitting that standing in prayer be pure unadulterated worship. As for knowledge then it has it’s time. It is not limited to a particular time. Rather one should consider what is beneficial to those learning, and this is the foundation.
And therefore I intended by this to say that the one who makes a practice of teaching the people after every four rakats for example during the tawareeh prayer, taking this as a habit, then this is something newly invented that opposes the Sunnah.
Taken from the tape series the guidance and the light number 693 at the 28 minute on the tape, by The Shaykh Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al Abani may Allah have mercy upon him.
Translated by Rasheed Barbee
قيام رمضان شُرع فقط لزيادة التقرب إلى الله عز وجل بصلاة القيام , ولذلك فلا نرى نحن أن نجعل صلاة التراويح يخالطها شيء من العلم والتعليم ونحو ذلك , وإنما ينبغي أن تكون صلاة القيام محض العبادة , أما العلم فله زمن , لا يحدد بزمن , وإنما يراعي فيه مصلحة المتعلمين , وهذا هو الأصل وأريد من هذا أن من إتخذ عادة أن يعلم الناس ما بين كل أربع ركعات مثلا في صلاة القيام , إتخذ ذلك عادة , فتلك محدثة مخالفة للسنة “.
مفرغ من شريط سلسلة الهدى والنور رقم 693 ـ الدقيقة 28 ـ
Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘Alaa Rasoolillah
With this the beginning of this blessed month of Ramadhaan, and this period of good and mercy, We remind of that which the salaf of this umma were upon from fasting and other acts of worship in this month, that it may be a form of encouragement for us this ramadhaan and those that are to come, if Allah blesses us with life.
Abdur Rahmaan Ibn Ahmad Ad Daaraani said:
“The key to the dunya is in being full, satiated and content. While the key to the hereafter is in hunger (I.e due to fasting). The origin of good in the dunya and the hereafter is in the fear of Allah. Indeed Allah gives his dunya to those who he loves and those he does not love. Hunger (i.e. fasting and its reward) is a treasure preserved with him, that he does not give except to the one he loves specifically. For me to give up a morsel from my late meal (i.e. due to fasting) is more beloved to me than for me to eat it and stand in prayer from the beginning to the end of the night“
(Collected by Abdur Razzaaq As San’aani in Al Musannaf 3/307)
Abu Dardaa said:
“If it were not for three things I wish not to remain in the dunya:
- Placing my face down in prostration to my creator across the alternation of the day and the night, preparing for the (true) life to come
- Experiencing thirst during the hottest part of the day (due to fasting)
- And Sitting with a people who select and choose their words (i.e. are careful with their speech) the way fruit is selected“
(Collected by As Suyooti in Ad Duril Manthoor 6/648)
Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu anhu said:
“Fasting is a barrier like the barriers used in war“
(Collected by Abdur Razaaq As San’aani in his Musanaf 4/307)
Ubaid Ibn Umair said:
“It used to be said that when winter comes Oh people of the Qur’aan, the nights are long for your prayers, and the days are short for your fasts, so capitalise!“
(Collected by Ibn Abi Shaibah in his Musannaf 7/172)
Upon the authority of Hishaam Ibn Urwa ibn Zubair who said that
his father used to fast consistantly except for Eid al Fitr and Eid Al Adhaa and he died while he was fasting!”
(Siyar a’laamin nubalaa 4/436)
Yahya ibn Ma’een said Ghundar (Muhammad ibn Ja’far al Hudhali 293 H) turned to me one day and said
“Do you know that for the last fifty years i have fasted one day and broke my fast the next! (referring to the fast of daawood)”
(Siyar A’laamin Nubalaa 9/101)