May Allah grant you good Noble Shaykh. There has occurred some doubt and disturbance amongst the people concerning affirming the day of Aashoora. The question: Is there any blame upon the person who fast the ninth, the tenth, and the eleventh day of Aashoora in order to ensure he catches the day of Aashoora; then in addition to this, does he obtain the virtue of fasting three days from every month?
Al Imaam Ibn Al Qayyim—in Zaadil Ma’aad when speaking about the fast of Aashoora—he said the fasting is of three types.
The first type: This is for him to fast the day of Aashoora, the before it and the day after it; three days. And he said this is most complete. This is the best method; for the person to fast the day of Aashoora, the day before it and the day after. Thus this will be a total of three days.
The second type: For the person to fast the day of Aashoora and the day before it or the day after it; he fasting two days.
The third type: For the person to only fast the day of Aashoora, just one day.
The best way is for him to fast three days, the second best method is to fast two days, and if he fast only one day, the day of Aashoora, this is permissible. This is permissible but it is in contrast to what the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم order, when he commanded us to fast the day before it or the day after it. But it is permissible, and he will receive the reward for what he has fasted.
But fasting these days for Aashoora does not take the place for fasting three days from the month because fasting three days from every month is something separate. And the best days to fast the three days are on the 13th, 14th and 15th; the ‘white days’. These are the best days to fast the three days. But if he fast the three days in the beginning of the month, the middle of the month or the end of the month, there is no problem with this.
And fasting three days from every month is separate from the fast of Aashoora. This is the Sunnah and this is also the Sunnah. And likewise this is separate from fasting every Monday and Thursday during the week. Every Sunnah has its place.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
- Why is the 10th of Muharram called the Day of ‘Ashura’?
- The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha’ban and the Secred Months
- The Excellence of Observing Saum on the Day of ‘Arafah, ‘Ashura’ and Tasu’a (i.e., 9th of Muharram)
- Which is better: Sawm on the 10th with the 9th or the 10th with the 11th of Muharram?
- Hadiths with regard to singling out the Day of ‘Ashura’ for wearing Kuhl, bathing, dying with Henna and so on are all Fabricated
Fasting on Saturday
Explained by Shaykh Ubaid
Our Shaykh, may Allah give you good; this coming Saturday coincides with the 10th of Muharam. The questioner says: Do we fast on this day? And for those who view fasting on Saturday, with the exception of the obligatory fast is prohibited are they correct in criticizing those who fast?
Firstly I say: The prohibition of fasting on Saturday is weak. It is not authentic according to many of the Scholars. And if it is authentic then the prohibition is for the one who intends this day, he intends to fast on Saturday due to it being Saturday. And there comes an incitement to fast the day of Arafat and the day of Aashoora, and three days from every month, and these days will fall on Saturday. These days will not occur without falling on Saturday, it is a must that they will (eventually) fall on Saturday. For example, the questioner mentioned that this coming Saturday will be the 10th of Muharam, and this is according to the calendar, this issue shall come shortly, and the day of Arafat may coincide with Saturday and one of the three days that the Muslim fasts from the three days of the month may coincide with Saturday.
And the hadith of Aisha from the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him, is authentic.
(لَمْ يَكُنْ يُبَالِي مِنْ أَيِّ أَيَّامِ الشَّهْرِ يَصُومُ)
He did not mind which days of the month he would fast.
And this is general. And it is also authentic that he, prayers and peace are upon him, during the first month would fast Saturday, Sunday, and Monday and during the second month he would fast Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday.
And in the hadith of Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him:
(نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَّا بِيَوْمٍ قَبْلَهُ أَوْ يَوْمٍ بَعْدَهُ)
The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him, prohibited fasting on Fridays except (if the person fasts) the day before it or the day after it.
Therefore what day is before it? The day before it is Thursday and the day after it is Saturday. Thus the one who fast on Friday and then fast on Saturday, there is no problem with this. This is the reconciliation between the evidences showing the prohibition of fasting on Saturday for the person who intends Saturday, because it is Saturday.
The remaining issue: Now, are you going by the calendar or the moon sighting? Meaning today is the second of the month, based upon the calendar or the moon? If it is based upon the calendar, then the calendar is not given consideration when it comes to worship. The calendar is given consideration for official transactions—in departments—there is no problem in this. As for worship, then if it reaches you that the month started on Thursday, then Saturday will be the 10th. And if this has not come to you, then complete the month of Dhul Hija as thirty days, and the month of Muharam will start Friday.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Assalamualaykkum warahmatullahi wabarakatu,
As there is difference of opinion among scholars concerning Fasting on Saturday, please find the attached documents with ruling on this subject and their proofs presented…
Attachments: ( Click on the Below Links to read the documents)
- Summarized points of – Fasting on Saturday - By Shaykh Uthaymeen
- Shaykh Al Albani and Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al Abbad debate on fasting
- Permanent committee ruling
Praying that Allah guide us all and give us better understanding of His deen…
Abu AbdirRahman Rajeef
via Ksa_Dawah mailng list
The first question of Fatwa no. 6951
Q 1: why is the 10th of Muharram called the Day of ‘Ashura’?
A: Because it is the tenth day [‘Ashura’ means tenth in Arabic. ed.], just as the ninth day is called Tasu‘a’.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, his family, and Companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz