Rulings and Lessons Derived From Verse 102 of Sooratul-Baqarah – Shaikh ibn ‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah Ta’aala)
Taken from AHkaam minal-Qur`an Al-Kareem (Rulings from The Noble Qur`an)
by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-’Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah Ta’aala)
2- Sulaymaan (‘alayhi salaam) did not disbelieve; rather these Shayaateen taught people sorcery (magic), and continued to extend it to the people. Prophets are sinless with regard to committing acts of disbelief and polytheism.
3- Performing acts of sorcery (magic) is disbelief. This is derived from the saying of Allaah:
وَلَكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُو
…Rather the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved… (Al-Baqarah, ayah 102)
4- Teaching people sorcery (magic) is an act of disbelief, because Allaah says:
وَلَكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ النَّاسَ السِّحْرَ
…Rather the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic… (Al-Baqarah, ayah 102)
Sorcery (magic) is of two categories: The first category is the sorcery of the Shayaateen from the jinn. This type comprises seeking their help, seeking protection from them and refuge with them. This is disbelief (kufr!) without doubt.
The second category is the sorcery that uses potions made from leaves, trees, and the like. They have no connection to the Shayaateen and therefore do not reach the level of kufr. However, this category is to be considered forbidden (haram) because it entails causing harm and injury to others.
If it is firmly proven by a Muslim government that an individual is practicing the first category of sorcery, he is to be executed for disbelief and apostasy. If it is the second category of sorcery, the person should be executed as a precautionary measure against his evil, and to prevent him from harming Muslims.