Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
From Anas – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – who said:
The Prophet – salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said:
Which of the creation are most amazing in Eemaan?
They said: “The Angels.”
He said: The Angels – how could they not have Eemaan?!
They said: “The Prophets.”
He said: The Prophets have Revelation sent to them: how could they not have Eemaan?!
They said: “The Companions.”
The Companions are along with the Prophets, so how could they not have Eemaan?! Rather the people most amazing in Eemaan are a people who will come after you, and who will find a book of the Revelation. So they will have Eemaan in it and follow it, so they are the most amazing of the people -(or: the creation)- in Eemaan.
[Reported by al-Bazzaar (3/318-319: Kashful-Astaar), and its chain of narration was declared 'hasan' by Shaykh al-Albaanee in 'as-Saheehah' (no.3215).]
[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank, rahimahullaah]
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him) stated:
“Whoever believes in the messengers and obeys them, their enemies display enmity towards him and harm him. Therefore he (the believer) is tested by that which hurts him. If the person doesn’t believe in them and he doesn’t obeys them, he is punished in the life of this world and in the hereafter. Therefore that which hurts him comes about. And that which hurts him is the greatest of pain and more lasting than the pain that befalls the followers of the Messengers. Therefore its a must that that one goes through hardship/pain whether you believe or turn away from Eemaan. However (the difference is that) the believer experiences pain in the life of this world to start, then he will have a good ending in the life of this world and in the hereafter. As for the one who turned away from Eemaan, he will experience delight to start with then he will proceed on to the everlasting punishment.”
Taking from “Ad-Daw al-Muneer alaa at-Tafseer” 4/490.
Translated by Abu Yusuf Khaleefah 7th of Jumaadaa ath-Thaaniyah 1433/ 28th of April 2012
“O you who have emaan”
Tafseer Surah An Noor
Sheikh Salim Ibn Sa’ad At-Tawil
When you find in the book of Allah “O you who have emaan” give it your ear, give importance to what is about to be said, because this is nothing other than a good that is being commanded or evil that is being prohibited.
This is a Great affair that Allah calls out to you. If one of you tries to connect with an important person, you would be excited saying, “I contacted such and such”. If a person of high ranking said to you , ” come here I want meet you” you would be excited by this.
How about if the one calling you is Allah Subhana wa ta Ala? You need to feel and understand that you are the one intended by this call. You are one of those who Allah is calling out to.
When you find “Oh you who possess emaan” or “O you who believe” this indicates a command or prohibition, and if you were to perform the command it is from emaan. If you were to avoid the prohibition this too is from emaan.
(This note is an excerpt from notes taken during class and should not be referenced as a word for word transcription of the lecture)
Source: Posted by a sister in Mahad-ul-Furqan Yahoo groups
What are the types of the Murji’ah? Please also mention their statements with regards to the issues of eemaan.
The Murji’ah are of four types:
ONE: Those who say that eemaan is merely knowledge (ma’rifah), even if this is not accompanied by testification (tasdeeq).
This is the statement of the Jahmiyyah.
This is the most evil and the ugliest of statements. It is in fact disbelief (kufr) in Allah Azza wa Jall, because the mushrikoon from the early times, and Pharaoh (Firawn), and Haamaan and Qaaroon and (even) Iblees all acknowledged (the existence) of Allaah, Azza wa Jall, in their hearts. However because they did not state this on their tongues, nor testify to this in their hearts, nor act upon it with their limbs, then this knowledge did not benefit them.
TWO: Those who say that eemaan is testification in the heart only.
This is the statement of the Ashaa’irah (the Ash’arees).
This is also a false statement since the disbelievers (kuffaar) testify in their hearts, they know that the Quraan is True and that the Messenger (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) is True, and the Jews and Christians know that.
Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise him (Muhammad sal Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) as they recognise their sons; but verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it – [i.e. the qualities of Muhammad sal Allaahu alaihi wa sallam which are written in the Tawraat and the Injeel]. (Surah Al Baqarah: 146)
And they testify to it in their hearts.
Allaah Ta’aala says regarding the Mushrikoon: We know indeed the grief which their words cause you (O Muhammad sal Allaahu alaihi wa sallam); it is not you that they deny but it is the Ayaat of Allaah that the Dhaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) deny. (Surah Al An’aam: 33)
So these people did not state upon their tongues nor did they act with their limbs, yet they did testify in their hearts – so they did not become people of eemaan (mu’minoon).
THREE: The statement of those who are the direct opposite of the Ashaa’irah – and they are the Karaamiyah. Those who say that eemaan is statement on the tongue even if the person does not truly believe in his heart.
Without doubt, this is a false statement since the hypocrites (munaafiqoon) – those who are in the lowest depths of the Fire – say “We bear witness that laa ilaaha ill Allaah and that Muhammad rasool ullaah’ with their tongues and they act (accordingly) with their limbs, but they do not truly believe in that nor do they testify to it in their hearts.
This is just as Allaah Ta’aala says: When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad sal Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) they say: ‘We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allaah’. And Allaah knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allaah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed. They have made their oaths a screen (for their hypocrisy). In this way they hinder (men) from the Path of Allaah. Verily, evil is what they used to do. (Surah Al Munaafiqoon: 1-2)
And He says, Subhaanahu wa ta’aala: They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. (Surah Al Fath: 11)
FOUR: The statement of the murji’ah al fuqahaa, and they are the lightest of the groups in terms of irjaa’ – those who say that eemaan is belief (i’tiqaad) in the heart and statement upon the tongue, but action does not enter into it.
This is the statement of the Murji’ah al-Fuqahaa and this is a statement which is also incorrect since there is no eemaan without action.
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
Masaa’il fil Eemaan p18, 19
Translated by Abu Abdir Rahmaan ibn Najam