What is the ruling on drawing orchards as if they are depicting Paradise and a fire as if it is depicting the Hellfire?
Answer (Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen):
This is not permissible, because we do not know the description of this; as Allaah the Mighty and Majestic has said:
No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do. (As-Sajdah 32:17)
And none knows the (full) description of the Hellfire. It is greater than the fire of the Dunyaa by 69 times; (that goes for) all fires of the Dunyaa, due to what is within the fire from terror; such as a gas fire and other than that from that which is worse. So can anyone actually depict the Hellfire? No one is able. Due to this, convey to the one who does this that it is Haraam. It is extremely unfortunate that the people today have begun depicting affairs of the Hereafter as if they are worldly matters that they see. I saw a square paper, like a flyer, and there was written upon it: Al-Mawt (Death); there was a line and there was drawn a grave, then a line and there was drawn (what appeared to be) Al-Qiyaamah, and so on. This is as if he drew what is after death, with lines depicting this; the refuge is with Allaah. Moreover, it is said: What makes you know that this comes after that? It is known that the Fire, and resurrection (etc.) is after the grave, but the details of what will happen on the Day of Standing, the reckoning, the scales, and other than that; we do not know the details of that. But this is boldness; great boldness, and a strange thing that one would venture into this matter. However, in general the papers which are circulated amongst the people today upon which is written: This is the Messenger, upon him be prayers and peace; it is obligatory to abandon and warn against these papers.
Summary Translation By: Raha ibn Donald Batts
Posted from: http://mtws.posthaven.com
PS: We will remove the images of fire / gardens from the existing posts soon, insha’ Allaah
This questioner asks on the ruling of putting personal pictures as a member on websites especially on Facebook and Twitter?
Shaykh ´Ubayd bin ´Abdillâh al-Jâbirî:
I say that the pictures of souls are haram and it is from the kabaa’ir (the major sins).
The Messenger, [salla Allaahu 'alayhi wa sallam], said: “The people who will be most severely punished on the Day of Judgement will be the image-makers.”
And he, [salla Allaahu 'alayhi wa sallam], also stated that the image maker will be presented with an image and it will say ‘Blow a spirit therein, which he will not be able to do’.
And from this we know that it is not permissible to publish pictures (images) of people in Twitter or other networks. When the agency responsible (for the networks) request a picture for a specific matter such as licences (for traffic) and security (passports etc) and other authority bodies that employs a person, then it becomes necessary or in need of. And it cannot exceed further than this.
What is the ruling concerning taking pictures using a mobile phone considering some people say that it is just capturing a shadow and there is no prohibition in that, so what is the ruling concerning that?
For HIM there is no prohibition in that, as for the Sunnah and the evidences then picture taking/making in general is Haraam (prohibited) and the picture maker is cursed. And he will receive from the most severest of punishments on the Day of Judgment. So what is it that takes the mobile phone out from this generality? The Messenger made picture making Haraam without exception by any means; (whether that be by way of ) a mobile phone, a camera, by hand(sculpting) or by drawing, he made it absolutely Haraam. So who is he that makes an exception from what the messenger sallallaahu alaihi wasallam said and attempts to redress the messenger. Apart from that the Muhaqqiqeen (verifiers) from the Scholars make an exception in the case of necessity, if a person is in need of taking a picture for a necessity then it is allowed due to this necessity due to His saying – the Most High:
(وقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إلاَّ مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إلَيْهِ )
while He has explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you, except under compulsion of necessity?
As for picture taking as a hobby or as a form of art by the use of the camera or by hand or by any object then it is Haraam and it is not allowed except in case of necessity only. In accordance to the necessity it is a concession. It is a concession due to a necessity only.
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
Taken from the Shaykhs lecture series:(Tafseer of Surah al-Hujuraat to Surah an-Naas) Monday 15 Shawwal 1427H.
PS: Here the questioner is asking about taking pictures of living beings