The questioner asks about verbally giving the Salaams (to women).
Shaykh Muqbil: Verbally giving the Salaam, if she and he are safe from Fitnah, then there is no harm in him saying: As-Salaamu Alaykum. If he fears that the Salaam will lead to that which is after it from Fitnah, then no. As is said:
نظرة فإبتسامة فسلام فكلام فموعد فلقاء
A look; then a smile; then Salaams; then speaking; then (setting) an appointment; then a meeting
So if he does not fear Fitnah for himself and he does not fear for her then there is no harm in saying: As-Salaamu Alaykum. The wives of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to be greeted with Salaam. And Allaah’s Aid is sought.
Questioner: Does this apply to responding, as well, O Shaykh?
Questioner: Is responding to As-Salaamu Alaykum obligatory upon the woman?
Shaykh: Upon the woman, yes, she is to respond. The same applies to her; if she fears Fitnah for herself or that she will put the man to trial then she responds within herself. Or she moves her lips with some sound (coming out) such that he does not hear her. But if she does not fear (Fitnah) for herself or he is a Mahram for her, then there is no harm in her saying: Wa Alaykum As-Salaam. However, if she fears the occurrence of Fitnah, then there is nothing equivalent to the safety of the heart.
Translated By: Raha ibn Donald Batts
Posted from: http://mtws.posthaven.com
Some brothers limit their speech by; ‘good morning…good evening’ instead of ‘assalâmu alaykum wa rahmatu Allâh wa barakâtuh’ ie the greeting of Islâm. So is there any advice concerning this?
Shaykh Ibn Bâz:
Yes, that is not permitted. What is obligatory is to start with the ‘Salâm’. ‘Assalâmu alaykum.
You do not say ‘good morning’ and ‘good evening’ but rather say: ‘Assalâmu alaykum.
And if he said; ‘wa rahmatu Allâh wa barakatuh’ is better and perfect/complete.
Thereafter (after starting with the Salaam) he may says; ‘Good morning’, ‘may Allâh give you a good morning’, ‘may Allâh give you a good evening’, ‘how are you’, ‘how are your children’, ‘how is your family’, (this is) a good added greeting.
However he starts by saying; ‘Assalâmu alaykum and that is the minimum.
And if he added ‘wa rahmatu Allâh wa barakâtuh’ then that is better.
And this is how the Prophet (peace & blessings of Allâh be upon him) was with his companions. One time a man came in (joined them) and said:
“Assalâmu ‘alaykum (peace be upon you).”The Prophet said, “[He will have] ten hasanât (rewards).” Another man passed by and said “Assalâmu ‘alaykum wa rahmatu Allâh.” The Prophet, “[He will have] twenty hasanât.” Another man passed by and said “Assalâmu ‘alaykum wa rahmatu Allâhi wa barakâtuh.” The Prophet, “[He will have] thirty hasanât.” [Bukhâri]
And this is the virtue of that point of view.
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Recently, someone asked Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee (hafidhahullaah) :
“How did the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) respond to someone giving (him) salams while he was praying?“
The Shaikh said the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to respond to the salaam – while engaged in prayer - by indicating with his hand without speaking.
Here are ahadeeth on this matter, and the sharh (explanation) from Umm ‘Abdillah al-Waadi’iyyah [hadeeth #177 [hadeeth #177]:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu ‘anhumma): I asked Bilaal (radiallaahu ‘anhu), “How did you observe the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) replying to their (the Companions’) salutation while he was engaged in prayer?” He (Bilaal) said: “He used to do this way,” and he (Bilaal) demonstrated by spreading his palm. [Reported by Abu Daa`ud and At-Tirmidhi. The latter graded it 'Sahih.']
This hadeeth is from the way of Hisham ibn Sa’d Al Madani who is disagreed upon, what is most correct is that he is dha’eef. However, the hadeeth has other narrations that make it authentic, as is the hadeeth of Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah in Saheeh Muslim Vol.4 P.195, Ma’ Sharh Nawawee.
Jabir reported: The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) sent me on an errand. I (having done the business assigned to me came back and) joined him as he was going (on a ride). Qutaiba said that he was saying prayer while he rode. I greeted him. He gestured to me. When he completed the prayer, he called me and said: You greeted me just now while I was engaged in prayer. (Qutaiba said): His (Prophet’s face) was towards the east, as he was praying. [Saheeh Muslim, The Book of Prayer, N0.1100]
Its origin is in Bukharee without the wording, “fa ashara eelaih”. (Saheeh Al Bukharee #1217)
Benefits from this hadeeth:
1. The impermissibility of talking in the salaah.
2. The permissibility of greeting the one who is praying with karaha; this is the saying of Ahmad (rahimahullaah). And the Majority of the People of Knowledge said it is not Makrooh, as in Fathul Baree #1217. The saying of those who say it is Makrooh to greet the one who is praying is refuted because the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) did not prevent them (the sahaaba) from doing so, but rather, he taught the one who is praying how to respond by gesturing with the hands and the reply is not verbalized.
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