May Allah grant you good Noble Shaykh. There has occurred some doubt and disturbance amongst the people concerning affirming the day of Aashoora. The question: Is there any blame upon the person who fast the ninth, the tenth, and the eleventh day of Aashoora in order to ensure he catches the day of Aashoora; then in addition to this, does he obtain the virtue of fasting three days from every month?
Al Imaam Ibn Al Qayyim—in Zaadil Ma’aad when speaking about the fast of Aashoora—he said the fasting is of three types.
The first type: This is for him to fast the day of Aashoora, the before it and the day after it; three days. And he said this is most complete. This is the best method; for the person to fast the day of Aashoora, the day before it and the day after. Thus this will be a total of three days.
The second type: For the person to fast the day of Aashoora and the day before it or the day after it; he fasting two days.
The third type: For the person to only fast the day of Aashoora, just one day.
The best way is for him to fast three days, the second best method is to fast two days, and if he fast only one day, the day of Aashoora, this is permissible. This is permissible but it is in contrast to what the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم order, when he commanded us to fast the day before it or the day after it. But it is permissible, and he will receive the reward for what he has fasted.
But fasting these days for Aashoora does not take the place for fasting three days from the month because fasting three days from every month is something separate. And the best days to fast the three days are on the 13th, 14th and 15th; the ‘white days’. These are the best days to fast the three days. But if he fast the three days in the beginning of the month, the middle of the month or the end of the month, there is no problem with this.
And fasting three days from every month is separate from the fast of Aashoora. This is the Sunnah and this is also the Sunnah. And likewise this is separate from fasting every Monday and Thursday during the week. Every Sunnah has its place.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
- Why is the 10th of Muharram called the Day of ‘Ashura’?
- The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha’ban and the Secred Months
- The Excellence of Observing Saum on the Day of ‘Arafah, ‘Ashura’ and Tasu’a (i.e., 9th of Muharram)
- Which is better: Sawm on the 10th with the 9th or the 10th with the 11th of Muharram?
- Hadiths with regard to singling out the Day of ‘Ashura’ for wearing Kuhl, bathing, dying with Henna and so on are all Fabricated
It is Befitting for the Intelligent Person to Protect His Tongue from Frivolous Speech Whether He is Fasting or Not
[Q]: There is a man who is fasting that speaks much in gatherings about things that don’t contain any benefit. Is his fast valid?
[A]: Shaykh al-‘Uthaymeen [d. 1421 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, answered:
His fast is correct. However, it is befitting for the fasting person to spend his fast indulged in obedience: prayer, reading the Qur’aan, remembrance [of Allah], and other than these things.
As it relates to frivolous speech, then this is a loss for a person, rather he is fasting or not. This is due to the statement of the Prophet, prayers and peace upon him, ‘Whoever believes in Allah and the last day, let him say good things or be quiet.’ [al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]
Frivolous speech sometimes turns into speech that is impermissible, such as backbiting or belittling a person, and what resembles these things. Thus, it is befitting for the intelligent person to protect his tongue from everything that there is no benefit in, whether he is fasting or not. (1)
(1): Muhammad al-‘Uthaymeen, Fataawaa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb, v.7/pg.182/#2771
Posted from: http://embodyislam.org
The Best Sadaqa is during Ramadan
Explained by Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadi
The following is a summary translation taken from the Lecture
The guidance of the Salaf during Ramadan
The month of Ramadan—giving charity during this month has a high status.
It has been authenticated from the hadith of Anas—may Allah be pleased with him—that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
أفضل الصدقة صدقة رمضان
The best Sadaqa is the Sadaqa of Ramadan
Thus the Sadaqa during Ramadan has a high status. And included in this is providing food for the fasting person to break their fast with. It has been authenticated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
مَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِمًا فَلَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ وَلَا يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَجْرِ الصَّائِمِ شَيْءٌ
Whoever provides food for the fasting person to break their fast with, he will have the reward of the fasting person without decreasing the reward of the fasting person at all.
It was said to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم:
يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، لَيْسَ كُلُّنَا يَجِدُ مَا يُفَطِّرُ الصَّائِمَ ؟
O Messenger of Allah, all of us do not find that which is sufficient to break the fast of the fasting person?
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
يُعْطِي اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ذَلِك لمَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِمًا ولو عَلَى شَرْبَةِ مَاءٍ
Allah will give that (reward) to the person who breaks the fast of the person even if it is with a drink of water.
Thus the water which quenches the living creatures contains a tremendous blessing. Thus it is upon the slave to give this matter concern.
Abdullah ibn Umar—may Allah be pleased with them—would only break his fast during Ramadan with the poor. And it has been mentioned in his biography, that if his family would prevent the poor from breaking their fast with him—as they would refuse them sometimes—then he would not eat dinner. He would feel sadness—may Allah be pleased with him—thus he would not eat dinner that night. May Allah be pleased with him.
Once a beggar came to him asking for food while he was about to break his fast, so he took his portion of food enough to break his fast and left the food for the beggar. So when he returned home, his family had already eaten the food in the house. Thus he remained hungry until the following night. There was no food in his home.
As for our refrigerators, what is in our homes? A person goes to Panda; and Hyper Panda (Supermarkets in the gulf) and amasses food which he will not eat in a year. And the rest of the food will remain seven or eight months; the expiration date expires and the following Ramadan comes around so the food spoils.
Ramadan did not come for the purpose of gluttony. Ramadan did not come to overload the stomachs. It came to alleviate them so that the soul may be lightened. When the stomach is light the soul becomes light and proceeds towards worship. Look at the camel. If it is slender it is suitable for racing. This outcome comes as a result of leanness. It did not come as a result of filling the stomach; it came as a result of leanness, leanness of the stomach and minimal amount of food.
Thus as it relates to worship; if the person deceases his food and drink intake, he will be energetic towards worship.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Watch the Video @ http://wp.me/p2sNCV-2K9
The Encouragement to Fast Ramadan Seeking a Reward
Compiled & translated By Abbas Abu Yahya
Published by Miraath Publications
1 – (992) – From Abu Hurairah -Radhi Allaahu anhu- from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:
من قام ليلة القدر إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه ومن صام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه
‘Whoever prayed during the night of Laylatul – Qadr due to Eemaan and seeking a reward, then he is forgiven his previous sins. Whoever Fasts Ramadan due to Eemaan and seeking a reward, then he is forgiven his previous sins.’
[Collected by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nisa’ee, Ibn Majah & Albaani declared it to be Saheeh]
Al-Khattabi said: ‘The meaning of the Prophet’s saying: ‘due to Eemaan and seeking a reward’ means having the intention and a strong resolve, which is to fast Ramadan with certainty and desiring a reward for it. Wanting to make oneself better due to Ramadan, without disliking it, nor with feeling it burdensome due to fasting it, nor due to its long drawn out days, but rather taking opportunity of the many days of Ramadan for its great reward.’
Baghawi said: ‘The saying of the Prophet: ‘seeking a reward’ means seeking Allaah’s Face and His reward.’
2- (993) – Abu Hurairah -Radhi Allaahu anhu- said:
كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يرغب في قيام رمضان من غير أن يأمرهم بعزيمة ثم يقول
من قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه
The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to encourage praying in the night during Ramadan, without ordering them to do so as an obligation, then he would say:
‘Whoever prayed during the night in Ramadan due to Eemaan and seeking a reward, then he is forgiven his previous sins.’
[Collected by Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Nisa’ee & Albaani declared it to be Saheeh.]
Shaykh Albaani mentioned in the footnote:
‘This encouragement of having sins forgiven and those similar to it, are a clarification of the excellence of this type of worship, which is that if a person had sins then they are forgiven for him due to this type of worship. It is known that the means which lead to general forgiveness are many, so when these means are gathered/ combined, what can remain from those sins so that he needs to be forgiven?
So the purpose is a clarification of the excellence of this worship, that Allaah gives this worship this amount of excellence. If there was no sin upon a person, then this excellence is expressed in raising the rank of a person, the like of that which is rightful for the Prophets, who are infallible from committing sin. And Allaah knows best.’
3 – (994) – Abu Hurairah -Radhi Allaahu anhu- from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:
الصلوات الخمس والجمعة إلى الجمعة ورمضان إلى رمضان مكفرات ما بينهن إذا اجتنبت الكبائر
‘The five daily prayers, from one Juma till the next Juma, from Ramadan to the next Ramadan, are an expiation for what takes place between them, as long as the major sins are kept away from.’
[Collected by Muslim]
4 – (998) – Abu Hurairah -Radhi Allaahu anhu- from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:
إذا جاء رمضان فتحت أبواب الجنة وغلقت أبواب النار وصفدت الشياطين
‘When Ramadan comes in, the doors of Paradise are opened, the doors of Hell-Fire are closed and the Devils are locked up.’
[Collected by Bukhari & Muslim]
In the narration of Muslim:
فتحت أبواب الرحمة وغلقت أبواب جهنم وسلسلت الشياطين
‘The doors of mercy are opened, the doors of Hell are closed, and the Devils are chained up.’
In the wording from Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah:
إذا كان أول ليلة من شهر رمضان صفدت الشياطين ومردة الجن وغلقت أبواب النار فلم يفتح منها باب وفتحت أبواب الجنة فلم يغلق منها باب وينادي مناد يا باغي الخير أقبل ويا باغي الشر أقصر ولله عتقاء من النار وذلك كل ليلة
‘When it is the first night of the month of Ramadan, the Devils are locked up and the evil Jinn, the doors of Hell-Fire are closed, so that no door from it is open. The doors of Paradise are opened, so no door from it is closed. A caller will call out: O seeker of good come forward, and O seeker of evil keep away from sin, and Allaah has slaves freed from the fire, and that is every night of Ramadan.’
[Albaani declared it Hasan]
5 – (1002) – It is narrated from Abu Saeed al-Khudri -Radhi Allaahu anhu- who said: The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
إن لله تبارك وتعالى عتقاء في كل يوم وليلة – يعني في رمضان – وإن لكل مسلم في كل يوم وليلة دعوة مستجابة
‘Indeed Allaah -Tabaraka wa Ta’ala- has freed slaves every day and night -meaning in Ramadan- and indeed every Muslim has every day and night a supplication that is answered.’
[Collected by al- Bazzar & Albaani declared it to be Saheeh lighayrihi.]
6 – 1003 – From Amr bin Murra al-Juhani -Radhi Allaahu anhu- who said: ‘A man came to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and asked: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Do you see that if I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that you are the Messenger of Allaah, and I pray the five prayers, and I gave the Zakat, and Fast Ramadan, and prayed during its nights, so who will I be from?’
He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
من الصديقين والشهداء
‘From the righteous and the martyrs.’
[Collected by al-Bazzar, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban & Albaani declared it Saheeh.]
[Taken from: ‘Saheeh Targheeb wa Tarheeb’ by Shaykh Albaani – Vol.1 p.582]
Posted from: http://www.miraathpublications.net/day-05/
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Implementing the Sunnah of the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhin wa sallam) in your Du’aa to Allaah!
Student Salah al-’Iraanee (hafidhahullaah) said: “The Du’aa made before Maghrib on Fridays is answered, and the Du’a when breaking the fast is also answered! Both are just before Maghrib!”
Then he brought the hadeeth: “…Supplications will be answered on Friday after ‘Asr prayer until the sun goes down.” [Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, no. 700]
Hadeeth: “There are two which will not be rejected: du’aa at the time of the adhaan and when it is raining.” [Saheeh al-Jaami' 3078].
Hadeeth: “A du’aa made between the adhaan and iqamah is not rejected.” [Saheeh al-Jaami', 2408]
Hadeeth: “Oh Messenger of Allaah, which du’aa is heard?” He (salallaahu ‘alayhin wa sallam) said: “In the last third of the night.” [al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi 3499]
The following are Etiquettes, Manners, Guidelines of Making Du’aa from the Sunnah and Min Akhbar as-Salaf (From the Narrations of the Salaf)
Fadalah bin ‘Ubayd (radiallaahu ‘anhu) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) heard a man making supplication in his prayer when he had not praised Allaah or said Salah upon the Prophet. The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: This man is rushing.
Then he (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) called him over and said to him or to someone else:
When any one of you supplicates, let him start by praising and glorifying Allaah, The Exalted, then let him send Salah upon the Prophet, and after that let him make supplication as he wishes.
Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi reported the above hadeeth and graded it Sahih; An-Nasa`i, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibban recorded in their Sahihs.
‘Abdullaah ibn Masood (radiallaahu ‘anhu) said:
When one of you wishes to ask (Allaah), then he should begin with praising and thanking Allaah with that which He deserves. Then he should ask Allaah to send His peace and blessings upon the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then he should ask (for his need). For verily, that (the above method) is more likely to result in success.
(as-Saheehah no. 3204)
The following is a summary of guidelines for making Du’aa – a summary (and fiqh) from Min Akhbar as-Salaf (From the Narrations of the Salaf):
- 1- one should be sincere in Du’aa
- 2- one’s heart should be present in the Du’aa
- 3- while fearing Allaah
- 4- one’s food should be halal
- 5- one should make Du’aa with truthfulness
- 6- the Du’aa should be made repeatedly, persistently
- 7- humble yourself to Allaah
- 8- be consistent in Du’aa
- 9- increase in Du’aa during times of fear
- 10- Don’t leave off making Du’aa (even if you commit sins), for Allaah answered the du’aa of shaytan – worst of all creation – “grant me respite until the Day of Judgment.” Allaah said (what means): You are of those allowed respite. (Al-A’raf, ayah 15)
- 11- Keep in mind that Du’aa is ‘ibaadah (worship)
- 12- one should be fearful of being prevented from making Du’aa
- 13- Do not say “my Du’aa is not answered,” while you yourself close the door by sins
Post Courtesy: Maher ibn Ahmad Attiyeh al-Maqdisi via SalafisOfFlorida yahoo group
The State of the Salaf in Ramadan
by Shaykh Rabia’ ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah)
Translated by Umm Yahya
A questioner is asking about the state of the Salaf in Ramadan.
In answering this question I say, that the state of the noble Messenger –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- in Ramadan is well known and he used to prepare for this month by fasting more in Shabaan. As is narrated in the Hadeeth of Aeysha -Radhi Allaahu anha-: ‘He –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- used to fast all of, or most of Shabaan.’
Then he –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- would fast in this noble month of Ramadan and exert himself even more so in the last ten nights of Ramadan.
When the last ten nights entered he would exert himself in worship and tighten his waist wrapper (meaning to exert him self in worship), he would perform Itikaaf and his wives would too and many of his –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- Companions would also make Itikaf.
He –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- would establish these great actions of fasting perfectly, performing good deeds and showing goodness and sacrifice.
The Messenger –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- was extremely generous, he was the most generous of people and when Ramadan came, he –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- was more generous than a wind that had been sent and more so if Jibraeel was sent as is narrated in the Hadeeth of Ibn Abbas Radhi Allaahu anhumma.
The Messenger of Allaah would recite, or present the Qur’aan to Jibraeel once every Ramadan, and in the last year of his noble life he recited the Qur’aan to Jibraeel twice, as is narrated in the Hadeeth of Ayesha and Abu Hurairah Radhi Allaahu anhumma. This was a sign of his –Alayhi as-Salat wa Salam- eminent passing away.
So the Salaf held a special concern for this great month of paying attention to reciting the Qur’aan, increasing in the remembrance of Allaah, abstaining from sins, as fasting necessitates all these things. Fasting is not merely abstaining from food and drink indeed it is a way of refraining from all that Allaah The Most High The Most Blessed hates in terms of sins etc.
Fasting is also turning in obedience to Allaah –Azza wa Jal- and to have Ikhlaas (sincerity) for Allaah in this action.
May Allaah be pleased with the Salaf. It is said of Malik that he would teach the people and when Ramadan approached he would free up his time for fasting and reciting Qur’aan.
Thus you should give importance to reciting the Qur’aan in this noble month, along with reflecting upon it and pondering about it, and to take heed of the admonition and take heed of that which is rebuked, and comprehend the Halal and Haram and the clear understanding of Allaah’s threats and promises and things of this nature from the noble Qur’aan, with this the soul is purified and hearts are illuminated.
This illustrates to us that the Qur’aan is life, light and a guidance for us as Allaah -Tabaraka wa Ta’ala- has described it as such.
وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ رُوحٗا مِّنۡ أَمۡرِنَاۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدۡرِي مَا ٱلۡكِتَٰبُ
وَلَا ٱلۡإِيمَٰنُ وَلَٰكِن جَعَلۡنَٰهُ نُورٗا نَّهۡدِي بِهِۦ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَاۚ
وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهۡدِيٓ إِلَىٰ صِرَٰطٖ مُّسۡتَقِيمٖ
<< And thus We have sent to you Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’aan) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path.>> [ash-Shura: 52]
Regarding the way of the Righteous Salaf, you should read about their striving, their patience and their sincerity for Allaah, how they exceeded in their efforts in this noble month and other months. That is to say that we do not only remind ourselves of performing these actions only in the month of Ramadan and then become heedless and forsake our obedience to Allaah in the remaining months, on the contrary we continue to stand in the night with prayer and continue to worship Allaah and turn to Allaah in addition to all the other acts of worship in order to gain closeness to Allaah in Ramadan, we should not be heedless.
Some people turn in obedience to Allaah in this month and once it has passed they fall short, become lazy and forget many acts of worship.
No, there is no doubt that we should have more concern in this month than in the other months, however, we must remember Allaah continuously throughout the year and throughout our lives.
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱذۡكُرُواْ ٱللَّهَ ذِكۡرٗا كَثِيرٗا ٤١ وَسَبِّحُوهُ بُكۡرَةٗ وَأَصِيلًا ٤٢
And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and 'Asr prayers]. >> [Ahzab: 41-42]
Therefore, the believer remembers Allaah -Tabaraka wa Ta’ala- continuously, obeys Him, has Taqwa of Him, has Khushoo (humility) of Him and awareness of Him in every hour of his life.
I beseech Allaah to grant us and you the ability to perform the night prayer, fast and all that which is obligatory upon us in this noble month and grant us eagerness and zest regarding its virtues
I also beseech Allaah to grant us the ability to continuously uphold His obedience and turn to Him upon that which pleases Him. Verily our Lord hears the supplication.’
[Taken from: ‘Majmoo’ Kutub wa Rasail wa Fatawa Fadeelatu Shaykh alaama Rabia’ bin Hadi Umayr al-Madkhalee’ 15/337-339]
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Highly Beneficial website: http://dusunnah.com/blog/
Fasting on Saturday
Explained by Shaykh Ubaid
Our Shaykh, may Allah give you good; this coming Saturday coincides with the 10th of Muharam. The questioner says: Do we fast on this day? And for those who view fasting on Saturday, with the exception of the obligatory fast is prohibited are they correct in criticizing those who fast?
Firstly I say: The prohibition of fasting on Saturday is weak. It is not authentic according to many of the Scholars. And if it is authentic then the prohibition is for the one who intends this day, he intends to fast on Saturday due to it being Saturday. And there comes an incitement to fast the day of Arafat and the day of Aashoora, and three days from every month, and these days will fall on Saturday. These days will not occur without falling on Saturday, it is a must that they will (eventually) fall on Saturday. For example, the questioner mentioned that this coming Saturday will be the 10th of Muharam, and this is according to the calendar, this issue shall come shortly, and the day of Arafat may coincide with Saturday and one of the three days that the Muslim fasts from the three days of the month may coincide with Saturday.
And the hadith of Aisha from the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him, is authentic.
(لَمْ يَكُنْ يُبَالِي مِنْ أَيِّ أَيَّامِ الشَّهْرِ يَصُومُ)
He did not mind which days of the month he would fast.
And this is general. And it is also authentic that he, prayers and peace are upon him, during the first month would fast Saturday, Sunday, and Monday and during the second month he would fast Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday.
And in the hadith of Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him:
(نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَّا بِيَوْمٍ قَبْلَهُ أَوْ يَوْمٍ بَعْدَهُ)
The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him, prohibited fasting on Fridays except (if the person fasts) the day before it or the day after it.
Therefore what day is before it? The day before it is Thursday and the day after it is Saturday. Thus the one who fast on Friday and then fast on Saturday, there is no problem with this. This is the reconciliation between the evidences showing the prohibition of fasting on Saturday for the person who intends Saturday, because it is Saturday.
The remaining issue: Now, are you going by the calendar or the moon sighting? Meaning today is the second of the month, based upon the calendar or the moon? If it is based upon the calendar, then the calendar is not given consideration when it comes to worship. The calendar is given consideration for official transactions—in departments—there is no problem in this. As for worship, then if it reaches you that the month started on Thursday, then Saturday will be the 10th. And if this has not come to you, then complete the month of Dhul Hija as thirty days, and the month of Muharam will start Friday.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Assalamualaykkum warahmatullahi wabarakatu,
As there is difference of opinion among scholars concerning Fasting on Saturday, please find the attached documents with ruling on this subject and their proofs presented…
Attachments: ( Click on the Below Links to read the documents)
- Summarized points of – Fasting on Saturday - By Shaykh Uthaymeen
- Shaykh Al Albani and Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al Abbad debate on fasting
- Permanent committee ruling
Praying that Allah guide us all and give us better understanding of His deen…
Abu AbdirRahman Rajeef
via Ksa_Dawah mailng list