Shaykh Uthaymeen stated:
As for the method of distributing (the Udhiyah) then Allah the Most High Says
“ Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor who have a very hard time”. [Surah Hajj:28]
And He says “eat thereof, and feed the beggar who does not ask (men), and the beggar who asks (men)” [Surah Hajj:36]
So the person eats from the Udhiyah, and give some as charity to those poor and gives some as a gift to those rich as a means of bringing about love. This brings about three matters intended by the legislation in regards to the Udhiyah:
Firstly: Enjoying in the blessing of Allah by eating from it.
Secondly: Hoping in the reward of Allah and that is by giving charity from it.
Thirdly: Brings love amongst the servants of Allah by way of giving it as a gift.
And this is from lofty intent of the legislation which is why some of the scholars prefer it to be thirds. A third to eat from, a third to give in charity and a third given as a gift.
End of the Shaykh’s words.
Translated by: Yusuf Shamsid-Deen
أما كيف توزع فقد قال الله تعالى (فكلوا منها وأطعموا البائس الفقير) وقال سبحانه: (فكلوا منها وأطعموا القانع والمعتر) فيأكل الإنسان منها ويتصدق منها على الفقراء ويهدي منها للأغنياء تألفا وتحببا حتى يجتمع في الأضحية ثلاثة أمور مقصودة شرعية:
الأمر الأول: التمتع بنعمة الله وذلك في الأكل منها.
الأمر الثاني: رجاء ثواب الله وذلك بالصدقة منها.
الأمر الثالث: التودد إلى عباد الله وذلك بالهدية منها وهذه معان جليلة مقصودة للشرع ولهذا استحب بعض العلماء أن تكون أثلاثا فثلث يأكله وثلث يتصدق به وثلث يهديه.
Buying a “Sacrifice” via Various Charitable Organisations to be Slaughtered Abroad for the Poor?
Written by Abu Muadh Taqweem Aslam (hafidhahullaah) on October 22, 2012
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
It is a common practice for Charity Organisations to advertise and offer “sacrifices” to be done abroad and distributed to the poor in exchange for a fee to cover the costs of the slaughtering. Many individuals who desire to sacrifice engage in this activity and perhaps find a greater degree of ease in simply buying a “sacrifice” from a Charity who will slaughter on their behalf abroad for the poor.
The following is the fatwa of Shaikh al-Fawzan on this issue:
Q: “A fatwa has spread from you in recent times that paying money to Charity Organisations for the slaughtering [to be done on your behalf] is against the Sunnah? What’s your opinion on this oh Shaikh?”
A: “Yes I say this now, The legislated sacrifice is done in the household [i.e. by the by person himself in his country], the household of the one slaughtering, amongst his children, and amongst his neighbours, the one slaughtering eats from it, him and his children, and they give it in charity [distribute it] and give it as a gift…so they are to be slaughtered in the houses, in the houses of the muslims [i.e. done yourselves and not abroad] so that the household obtains its benefits, apparent and concealed.
However if it slaughtered in some other place [abroad] then these distinctions that the slaughtering was prescribed for are lost; as for an individual who wishes to give it in charity [i.e. those who may claim that the poor will benefit from the sacrifice abroad more than us, which may be true] then give in charity generally [i.e. send money abroad to them in any case any time] – as for the specific acts of worship then they are to remain as they have been prescribed. Indeed the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم would sacrifice in his household, and the companions would sacrifice in their households and they never sent money outside or abroad for animals to be bought and slaughtered there, since that causes the benefits of slaughtering to be forfitted, so indeed it is a rite of Islam [prescribed in a particular way to be done].
This should clarify the affair; for indeed many are always confused as to why it is better to do it yourselves in your locations rather than send to the poor abroad, the Shaikh clarifies it is an Islamic Rite prescribed to be done yourselves and not abroad, as for the poor abroad then no-one has prevented you from aiding them and being charitable since you are free to send whatever amount of money and food as you wish abroad at whatever time – ‘Eid or otherwise -, however the rite of islam in terms of the slaughtering is not to be specified, that is to be done yourselves and distributed within family and neighbours etc.
- The Goal of the Udhiyyah according to Allah is the Sincerity and Taqwa of His Servant
It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is Taqwa from you that reaches Him
- The one who intends to do a sacrifice should not cut his hair and nails from the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah
- One Udhiyah is sufficient on behalf of a man and the members of his household
- Doing Udh-hiyyah abroad against the SUNNAH…and LEAVING the SUNNAH of eating from sacrifice
- Giving a part of Ud-hiyah/Aqeeqah meat to non-Muslim neighbors
- Is it permissible for a woman to slaughter an animal?
- The Conditions of a Sacrificial Offering – Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-’Uthaimeen
Talkhees Ahkaam-ul-Udhiyah wadh-Dhakaat (pg. 12-16) , Al-Ibaanah.com
- The Etiquettes of Slaughtering – Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-’Uthaimeen
Talkhees Ahkaam-ul-Udhiyah wadh-Dhakaat , Al-Ibaanah.com
- Eating the Meat Sacrificed by One who Does not Pray – Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadee
Eating the Meat Sacrificed by One who Does not Pray
The ‘Allaamah Muqbil ibn Haadee Al-Waadi’ee
My father is a man who does not pray. He sacrifices for us on the Day of ‘Eed. What is the ruling on this sacrifice when he slaughters or entrusts it to someone else?
If he slaughters then it is Haraam based upon the most correct of the statements of the people of knowledge. Because the one who abandons the prayer is considered a disbeliever due to the Hadeeth:
العَهدُ الذِي بَينَنَا وَبَينَهُمُ الصَّلاةُ ، فَمَن تَرَكَهَا فَقَد كَفَرَ
“The covenant that is between us and them is the prayer; whoever abandons it then he has disbelieved.”
And the Hadeeth:
ليس بين العبد وبين الشرك والكفر إلا الصلاة
“There is nothing between the slave Shirk and disbelief except the prayer.”
Na’am. Who reported the Hadeeth…? (After someone answers the Shaykh says:) Na’am, Muslim reported it. From the Hadeeth of whom? Huh? (After someone answers the Shaykh says:) From the Hadeeth of Jaabir. However, if other than him from those who pray were to slaughter then there is no harm (in eating it), insha-Allaah.
Translated By: Raha ibn Donald Batts