Some people always say “Aameen, wa iyyaak” (which means “Aameen, and to you also”) after someone supplicates, “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” (which means “may Allaah reward you with good”). Is it is an innovation to reply with this phrase all the time?
ANSWER by Shaykh Muhammad ‘Umar Baazmool, instructor at Umm Al-Quraa University in Makkah
There are many narrations from the Companions and the from the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), and there are narrations describing the actions of the people of knowledge. In these narrations, it is said to them, “Jazaak Allaahu khayran,” there is no mention that they used to reply specifically with “Aameen, wa iyyaakum.”
Due to this, my position on a person clinging to this phrase, “Aameen, wa iyyaakum,” after any supplication, not just “Jazaak Allaahu khayran,” is that he has fallen into an innovation that has been added (to the Religion).
So in these kinds of circumstances, Muslims can use this phrase sometimes, and abandon it sometimes, but they must not cling to it as if it is an established Sunnah of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), and Allaah knows best.
This was translated exclusively for http://www.bakkah.net from a cassette recording with the knowledge and permission of the shaykh, file no. AAMB021, dated 1423/7/18.
Dr. Muhammad Baazmool mentioned that there is no specified answer for it from the Sunnah.
To add something to that: The phrase “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” is something that is from the Sunnah to be said to express thanks or praise, due to the hadeeth:
On the authority of Usaamah ibn Zayd, he said that the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam said: “Whoever has had something nice done for him and then says to his companion, ‘Jazaak Allaahu khayran,’ then he has surely excelled in praising (him).”
Al-Albaanee authenticated it in Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee #2035 (2/392).
So then it is not like other phrases found in the sunnah that have specified answers, like:
- 1) Al-hamdulillaah — yarhamukallaah — yahdeekumullaahu wa yuslihu baalakum
- 2) As-Salaamu ‘alaykum — wa ‘alaykumus-salaam
- 3) Uhibbuka fillaah — ahabbak Allaahul-lathee ahbabtanee feeh, etc
These are all supported by evidences. We may not say that the response to a certain phrase must be such-and-such except with evidence.
So then a person may respond to “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” with any number of phrases that make sense, like:
aameen wa iyyaak
aameen wa jazaak
wa iyyaak kathaalik
wa iyyaanaa ajma’een
wa iyyaak bi’ashri amthaalihaa
or other things in English:
aameen, and to you brother
aameen, to you likewise
and may He reward you too
and to you
to you the same
And this is done without clinging to any one phrase. So actually “Aameen wa iyyaak” is a very sensible reply in ‘arabic. The shaykh only made a difference between saying it sometimes and saying it as if it is legislated in the Deen.
So we have to make a note here since many of us fall into this when we are learning arabic. The phrase “kayfa haaluk” does not have a legislated answer. It is not a must to reply, “tayyib walhamdulillaah.” This is simply something taught since it is a common conversation, like “how are you?” and “i’m fine.” It should not be taken as legislation, meaning that when you hear someone say, “jayyid walillaahil-hamd” you correct him. Rather many of us stick to “tayyib walhamdulillaah” since it is the only phrase we know in arabic. We do not intend to make it deen, but it is unfortunately our constant, unchanging answer to “kayfa haaluk”.
Likewise, “aameen wa iyyaak.” It is just something we were taught as a conversation. ”Jazaak Allaahu khayran, aameen wa iyyaak” Its fine like that, it makes sense. But we have to realize it is not Deen. The specific phrase of “jazaak Allaahu khayran” is Deen, but the reply is left up to how ever you want to answer. I am not suggesting that you must learn all those phrases I mentioned above and meanwhile you have a lot of legislated du’aas to learn still, but you could simply not reply sometimes when someone says “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” as there is no obligatory or recommended reply needed. You could also mix up “Ameen, wa iyyaak” with a simple “Aameen” or simply “wa iyyaak”, and sometimes no reply. Here you have four different answers. I hope I am not complicating this issue, may Allaah forgive me.
Additional note: The word ‘Aameen’ is legislated in general for du’aa. So a person may say Aameen based on that, but not because it is specifically related to this du’aa.
And it has been related that when ‘Aa’ishah, radhiyallaahi ‘anhaa had heard the du’aa of those who received some charity, saying, “Baarak Allaahu feekum” she replied “wa feehim baarak Allaahu” and she used to reply to their supplications in a way similar to how the people worded their supplication. See Saheeh Al-Waabilis-Sayyib (p.257)
And Allaah knows best.
And Shaikh Ahmad bin Yahyaa bin Muhammad an-Najmee said in volume one, page 68 of his book “Fathur Rabbil Wadood fil Fataawaa war Rasaa’il war Rudood”, issue # 30:
(What is the) Hukum of the statement (Shukran) (said to the one) who does a favor (or the like) for someone?
The Shaikh answered: “Whoever does that has left off (something) more excellent (or bountiful), and that is, the statement “Jazaakallaahu khairan”!
And with Allaah is the Tawfeeq!
AbooTasneem Dawwod Adib
Why was Ibrahim, peace be upon him, afraid?
Explained by Shaykh Fawzan
The questioner says: Noble Shaykh may Allah give you success. We want from you to clarify for us the statement of Ibrahim—prayers and peace are upon him—when he supplicated to his Lord to distance him from idol worship, despite the fact that he—prayers and peace are upon him—was infallible?
He feared for himself. He did not laud himself. This shows that man should not admire himself, and he should fear misguidance and he should fear deviance. This is a great subtlety; that the person fears deviance, he fears misguidance. How many scholars have gone astray! How many worshippers have deviated and disbelieved! Thus the person fears for himself as long as he is alive. And he does not admire himself. When things increase; when things increase the person fears for himself. When the fitna increases the person fear for himself that he will fall into and it will afflict him.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Masjid Tawheed wa Sunnah
- “Keep me and my sons away from worshiping idols” – Quranic Supplication
- “Oh Turner of the Hearts, keep our Hearts firm on Your Religion”
- Seeking Istiqaamah - from Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.2
- Satan talking to Imam Ahmed on his death bed - Good Story
In the name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy. Verily, all thanks and praise belong to Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid, and we seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our wicked actions. Whomsoever Allah guides then there is no misguidance for him, and whomsoever He leaves to stray, there is no guidance for him, I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah. He is alone, having no partners. I also bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. May Allah’s peace and Blessings be upon him, his family, and his companions… all of them together.
As to what follows:
O my dear brothers and sisters in Islam, we spoke yesterday concerning a phenomenon: stress, anxiety, psychological conditions and disorders which the people have been afflicted with. We also expounded upon its reasons… from an individuals weakness with regard to his devotion/connection to Allah- The Mighty and Majestic, weakness of faith, clinging to other than Allah- Glorified is He and Most High- and whatever is like that from the various reasons.
Then we clarified after that which the individual must do when faced with the likes of these conditions. From: The consolidation or strengthening of the devotion/connection to Allah- The Mighty and Majestic-, perseverance upon the acts of worship with whatever it contains from those things that are obligatory as well as superogatory, and examples like these, from the means which is befitting that the Muslim seeks refuge with it, after (seeking refuge with) Allah, Glorified is He, and Most High- along with cautioning against procrastination, avoidance, or reluctancy from the remembrance of Allah- The Mighty and Majestic.
We also indicated that from the means: Is the diligency upon remembering (supplicating) to Allah- Glorified and Most High- regardless whether it is from morning supplications, or evening supplications, supplications before sleeping, traveling supplications, the supplications for exiting and entering the home, the supplications for putting on new clothing…even the supplication for going to the toilet; meaning: Upon entering the toilet area and exiting from it. Even in a situation where a man has a desire to lay down with his wife (be intimate with her).
For indeed, theses supplications are a great fortress and protections for whoever receives Allah’s success-Glorified is He and Most High- and He follows upon the method of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلمand his noble companions with regards to that.
I have prepared for you a speech regarding a great affair; and it is none other than “Ad-Du’a” supplication, also resorting to Allah –The Blessed and most High- clinging to Him and attributing or connecting the execution of the needs for Him- Glorified and Most High. Ad Du’a; we will speak about its following components.
- Firstly: What is Du’a (supplication) and what are its categories?
- Secondly: The conditions for the acceptance of supplication. And
- Thirdly: The benefits of supplication, and its etiquettes. So therefore, I say with Allah lies all success.
Verily الدعاء Ad-Dua in the Arabic language means:
Request, call upon someone; Meaning; He called out to Him and asked of Him…
For example: Such-and such called upon such-and-such; meaning: He called upon him and asked of him.
In the legislative meaning;
It’s divided into two categories:
- The supplication of worship, adoration, and glorification; and
- supplication of request.
As for supplication of worship, Read more…
The Messenger of Allah related that Allah Said:
“…if he calls upon Me, I answer him, and if he asks of Me, I will give him…”
Ibn Rajab commented:
“…This means that this person who is beloved and close to Allah has a special status with Allah such that if he asks Allah for something, He gives it to him, and if he seeks refuge with Allah from anything, He protects him from that thing, and if he calls upon Him, He answers him. So, he ends up becoming from those whose supplications are answered due to his honor with Allah.
And many from the righteous early generations were known to have their supplications answered.
It is related in the ‘Sahih’ that ar-Rubay’ bint an-Nadr broke a tooth of a slave. So, they offered compensation, and they refused. They asked for pardon, and they refused. The Messenger of Allah was then going to implement the rule of retaliation between them. Anas bin an-Nadr said: “The tooth of ar-Rubay’ will be broken? By the One who has sent you with the truth, her tooth will not be broken.” So, the people were pleased and took the compensation. The Messenger of Allah then said: “Indeed, from the slaves of Allah are those who, if they make an oath upon Allah, He fulfills it.”
…And Ibn Abi ad-Dunya reported with his chain that an-Nu’man bin Qawfal said on the day of Uhud: “O Allah, I swear that I will be killed and enter Paradise.” So, he was killed, and the Prophet said: “Indeed, Nu’man made an oath upon Allah, and He fulfilled that oath.”
And Abu Nu’aym reported with his chain from Sa’d that ‘Abdullah bin Jahsh said on the day of Uhud: “O Lord, if I meet the enemy tomorrow, give me an adversary who is strong and harsh for me to fight for Your Sake and for him to fight me. Then, let him cut off my nose and ear so that when I meet You the next day, You Say: ‘O ‘Abdullah! Why were your nose and ear cut off?’ I will say: ‘For You and Your Messenger.’ And You will Say: ‘You have spoken the truth.’“
Sa’d said: “I saw him at the end of the day with his nose and ear hanging from a thread.”
And Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas would have his supplications answered. A man lied upon him, and he said: “O Allah, if he is lying, take away his eyesight, elongate his life, and expose him to trials and tribulations.” So, the man was stricken with all of this, as he used to walk through the streets and come into contact with the slave girls, saying: “I am an old man who is experiencing fitnah. I have been stricken with the supplication of Sa’d!”
And he supplicated against a man he heard insulting ‘Ali, and immediately, a camel came and trampled him to death.
And a woman disputed with Sa’id bin Zayd over some land he owned, claiming that he had taken from her land. So, he said: “O Allah, if she is lying, take away her eyesight and kill her in her own land.” So, she became blind, and one night when she was walking in her land, she fell into a well and died.
And al-’Ala’ bin al-Hadrami was on an expedition, and those with him became very thirsty. So, he prayed and supplicated: “O Knower, O Bestower, O Most High, O Mighty! We are Your slaves, and we are fighting Your enemy for Your Sake. Give us water to drink and make ablution from, and do not allow anyone else to benefit from this water!” They walked for a bit to find a river of water flowing from the sky. They drank from it and filled their vessels. Later, some of his companions returned to where the river was to find that there was nothing there, as if there had never been any water there.
And someone complained to Anas bin Malik of a drought in a part of al-Basrah. So, he performed ablution and went out to the patch of land, prayed two units, and it then began raining on the patch of land, and the rain did not fall anywhere beyond that patch of land.
…And Abu Muslim al-Khawlani was known for having his supplications answered. Once, a gazelle passed by him, and the young boys in the area said: “Ask Allah to allow us to capture this gazelle!” So, he supplicated, and he captured it and held it until they were able to take it from his hands.
And he once supplicated against a woman who had ruined his relationship with his wife that her eyesight be taken away. She immediately went blind, and she came to him begging. So, he had pity for her and asked Allah to return her eyesight to her, and his wife returned to her normal state with him.
And a man lied upon Mutarraf bin ‘Abdullah, and Mutarraf said: “If you are lying, I ask Allah to hasten your departure,” and the man died on the spot.
And a Kharijite used to pass by the classes of al-Hasan al-Basri and annoy those present. When it became unbearable, al-Hasan said: “O Allah, You Know how he has harmed us. So, suffice us against him with what You Will,” and the man immediately collapsed and was carried dead to his family.
And Silah bin Ashim was on an expedition, and his camel wandered off with all of his belongings, and there was nobody else around. So, he stood and prayed, saying: “O Allah, I swear that you will return my camel and belongings,” and it walked back until it stood right in front of him.
…And Habib al-’Ajami Abu Muhammad was known for having his supplications answered. He once supplicated for a young boy who was bald, and would weep and wipe his tears over the boy’s head. The boy’s hair began growing black all over his head, and it looked better than it had before.
…And Sa’id bin Jubayr was patient upon the harm inflicted upon him by al-Hajjaj until he killed him, and he was from those whose supplication was answered. He used to have a rooster whose crowing would wake him up to pray at night. One night, it didn’t wake him up on time, and he became very distressed, saying: “What is wrong with it? May Allah cut off its voice!” It never crowed again, and his mother said: “My son, do not supplicate against anything ever again.”
See ‘Jami’ al-’Ulum wal-Hikam’ (2/348-354) for more.
Taken from http://theclearsunnah.wordpress.com
Shaikh Muqbil ibn Haadee al-Waadi`ee -rahimahullaah- said in ‘al-Jaami`us-Saheeh mimmaa laisa fis-Saheehayn’ (2/505-506): “Three Whose Supplications Are Not Rejected“:
Ibn Maajah-rahimahullaah- said (vol. 1, p. 557): `Alee ibn Muhammad narrated to us: Wakee` narrated to us from Sa`daan al-Juhanee: from Sa`d, Aboo Mujaahid at-Taa·ee – and he was reliable: from Aboo Mudillah – and he was reliable: from Aboo Hurairah, who said:
Allaah’s Messenger (Sallalaahu alaihi wa sallam) said: << There are three whose supplication is not rejected: the just ruler, the fasting person until he breaks his fast, and the supplication of the oppressed person: Allaah will raise it up under the clouds on the Day of Resurrection, and the gates of heaven will be opened for it, and He says: ‘By My Might, I shall certainly aid you, even if it be after a time.’>>
And Imaam Ahmad -rahimahullaah- reported (vol. 2. pp. 304-305): Aboo Kaamil and Abun-Nadr narrated to us, both saying: Zuhayr narrated to us: Sa`daan at-Taa·ee narrated to us. Abun- Nadr said: Sa`d, Aboo Mujaahid: Abul-Mudillah, the freedslave of the Mother of the Believers, narrated to us that he heardAboo Hurairah say:
We said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! When we see you our hearts become tender, and we are from the people of the Hereafter; but when we depart from you this world attracts us, and we smell the women and the children.’ He said: << If you were >>, or he said: << If you were to be , in every state, upon the condition which you are upon when you are with me then the Angels would shake hands with you, and they would visit you in your houses; and if you did not commit sins, then Allaah would bring a people who committed sins so that He could forgive them. >> He said: ‘We said: O Messenger of Allaah! Tell us about Paradise: What is its structure?’ He said : << One brick of gold, and the next brick of silver, and its mortar is fragrant musk. Its pebbles are pearls and rubies. Its soil is saffron. Whoever enters it will enjoy bliss, and will never be unhappy. He will live forever, and he will not die. His clothes will not wear out, and his youth will not pass away. There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The just ruler, and the fasting person until he breaks his fast, and the supplication of the oppressed: it is carried upon the clouds, and the gates of heaven will be opened for it, and the Lord -the Mighty and Majestic- says: ‘By My Might! I shall certainly aid you, even if it be after a time.’>>
This is a Saheeh hadeeth.”
Shaikh al-Albaanee said in ‘as-Saheehah’ (2/657/no. 969):
“This is a weak chain of narration, on account of this Abul- Mudillah. adh-Dhahabee said: ‘He is hardly known. No one narrates from him besides Aboo Mujaahid’, and there occurs in ‘at-Taqreeb’: ‘Maqbool (Acceptable when supported)’, and the rest of the narrators of the chain of narration of the hadeeth are reliable, narrators of al-Bukhaaree. I say: However it is a ‘hasan’ or a ‘Saheeh’ hadeeth, on account of its previous witnesses and others…”
Translated by Aboo Talhah Dawud ibn Ronald Burbank.