Explained by Shaykh Saalih Fawzan
May Allah grant you good O noble Shaykh; the questioner says: Is committing an impermissible action proof that the person has judged this action to be permissible, thus resulting in disbelief? Is giving permits to bars in which the patrons consume alcohol or discos or cinemas, and theaters, or interest-based banks; is this considered judging these acts to be permissible by way of action; thus resulting in disbelief?
No. The action does not prove the person has judged it to be permissible. He may acknowledge that it is forbidden while committing the action due to following his desires, or due to love of wealth. And this is considered sinning, and this is not considered disbelief.
Judging something to be permissible is by statement, if he clearly states this and he said: “This thing is permissible.” This is that which is considered disbelief.
As for merely engaging in the action this is not proof the person has judged it to be permissible. Because it is likely that he was lead to this by the love of wealth, or desires or other than that; or due to evil companions; despite the fact that he believes it to be Haraam.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
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Elections (Voting) haram, bid’ah, imitation of Kufaar; Democracy is disbelief (kufr)!
All Praise and thanks are due to Allaah, the Lord of Creation. To Him belongs praise and grace for guiding us to Islaam and the Sunnah, a praise that would suffice His favors to us outwardly and inwardly, as is required for the nobility of His Face and might of His Magnificence. Abundant Peace and Blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), and upon his family, companions, his wives – the mothers of the believers – and all those who follow them in good until the Day of Judgement.
Beware – may Allaah show you His Mercy and protect you – that the American elections and Voting process offered to you in America are an innovation in the Islamic religion, imitation of the kufaar, and can lead to kufr (disbelief) since they are part of the democratic system.
Voting is not Islamic Shuraa
Explained by Shaykh Fawzan
O noble Shaykh, may Allah give you success. Is it permissible to participate in elections and voting that are based upon democracy and man-made laws?
This is not from the actions of the Muslims. The action of the Muslims is for the scholars firm in knowledge to give the pledge of alliance to the one who is suitable to be the leader and by this he becomes the leader. And the people follow their decision; the people follow the decision of the scholars who are firm in knowledge, from the scholars and judges. It is not a must that everyone has a vote. This is the system of the west not the system of Islam.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Regarding voting and Elections, Shaykh Muqbil (rahimahullaah) said, Read more…
Question: Does the one who says that the Qur’ân is created apostate?
Salaf did Takfîr upon the one who says that the speech of Allâh is created. This however, is Takfîr upon a kind and not upon an individual. It is for example not said that az-Zamakhsharî was a disbeliever because of him being a Mu’tazilî and Mu’tazilah say that the Qur’ân is created. The opinion [that it is created] is nevertheless disbelief. There is a difference between Takfîr upon a kind and attribute and [the Takfîr] upon an individual. To make Takfîr upon an individual, it is required that the conditions are met while the obstacles are removed.
- The Distinction between Doing an Action of Disbelief and Being a Disbeliever quoting from Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah
- Warning against the Fitnah of Takfir – Shaykh Al Albanee [PDF]
- The Fitnah of Takfeer – by Saleh asSaleh [PDF]
Check – Kufr ( Disbelief) and Takfir – Host of Articles, Books and audio on this topic
Al-Albaani: The reality is that the case with every beginner student of knowledge, and I was like that and probably still am, I used to read this hadith and it would be problematic, because in some narrations [there occurs], “There is nothing between a man and disbelief except abandoning the prayer. So whoever abandons the prayer has disbelieved,” and in some narrations, “… then he has committed shirk.”
Al-Albaani: I used to ask how can he have committed shirk? Yaa akhi, this person who has left praying, especially the one who does so out of laziness, how has he committed shirk?
I used to think that maybe there was a mistake on behalf of the narrator [of the hadith], I was a student of knowledge, then later our Lord granted me success in understanding, even if it was when I was older alhamdulillaah, [he granted me success in understanding it] such that I recognized that legislatively, as opposed to linguistically, there is no difference between kufr and shirk.
So all kufr is shirk and all shirk is kufr there is no difference between them legislatively, linguistically there is, because in the language kufr means to cover. Shirk is to make something a partner of another, like the polytheists who make equals with Allaah.
But later I came to recognise that every unbeliever, even if he wasn’t a polytheist linguistically, he was in reality. No unbeliever is free from being anything but a polytheist [mushrik], our Lord said, “Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire?” [Jaathiyah 45:23] He took as his god his own desires, so, everyone who follows his desires has made it a partner with Allaah, thus, any kufr–[for example] if someone were to reject a letter from the Noble Quraan it would mean that he has put his intellect in charge and has taken it as a god and it is from this angle that the shirk has come.
So, the one who said that all disbelief is polytheism and all polytheism is disbelief spoke truthfully, not like the one who says that not all kufr is shirk like you heard from at-Tahawi.
In reality this is knowledge which is very rare and is something through which many, many problems are resolved, from them being the verse, “Indeed, Allaah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills.” [Nisaa 4:48]
I read [a mention of] a problem about this verse in the Al-Manaar magazine which Sayyid Rashid Rida used to publish. An objection came his way which stated that the meaning of the aayah is that these unbelieving Europeans who believe in ‘nature’, they call it nature, i.e., that this universe has a creator and who do not know any more than that, it is possible that Allaah will forgive them because they are not polytheists. And so Sayyid Rashid Rida at that time was not able to give an answer like this one which if he had known then would have been the sound judgement [about this topic], [i.e., that] all kufr is shirk and all shirk is kufr.
Al-Hudaa wan-Noor, 341.