The Condition of the Salaf in Ramadhaan
Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
I have some questions; the first question: what was the state of the Salaf As-Saalih, may Allaah have mercy upon them and be pleased with them, in anticipation of this great month? How was their guidance? How was their character and their conduct? The second matter, O eminent Shaykh, how does the Muslim prepare to take advantage of these nights and days which he is now living in; preparation by way of knowledge, by knowing the rulings of fasting and knowing the nullifiers of the fast and its rulings? Some of the people are heedless of these things so they do not understand the affair of fasting and they also do not have the obligatory understanding of the affair of the fast, has the Shaykh noticed this matter? May Allaah reward you.
In the name of Allaah the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. Wa Alaykum As-Salaam wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh; may Allaah bless you. Regarding that which you have drawn attention to, from these two great matters; the first question is regarding the condition of the Salaf in the month of Ramadhaan. The condition of the Salaf, as it is recorded in the narrated books with chains of narrations from the trustworthy people (narrating) from them is that they would ask Allaah the Mighty and Majestic to make them reach Ramadhaan before it entered; they would ask Allaah to make them reach the month of Ramadhaan due to what they knew that it contained from abundant good and general benefit. Then, when Ramadhaan entered, they would ask Allaah to aid them upon righteous actions therein. The when Ramadhaan ended they would ask Allaah to accept it from them. As Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ ٦٠ أُولَئِكَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَهُمْ لَهَا سَابِقُونَ ٦١
“And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning). It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. offering the compulsory Salât (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times and so on].”(Al-Mu’minun 23:60-61)
They would strive hard in doing actions, then worry would afflict them, after the action, as to whether their action was accepted or not. That was due to their knowledge of the greatness of Allaah and their knowledge that Allaah does not accept except that (action) which is done purely for His face and correctly in accordance with the Sunnah of His Messenger from actions. So they would not purify themselves, and they would fear that their actions would be rendered null. So (worry) that they (the action) will be accepted was weightier with them than (even) the performance of them. This is because Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:
إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ
“Verily, Allaah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).” (Al-Ma’idah 5:27)
So they would devote their time within this month, as we have previously mentioned, to worship and would minimize actions of the Dunyaa. They would spend their time sitting in the houses of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and they would say: We are safeguarding our fast and we will not backbite anyone. They would read the Mus-hafs and study the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. They would safeguard its time from squandering. They were not heedless or negligent as many of the people are today. Rather, they would preserve its time; the night, by standing (in prayer) and the day by fasting, recitation of the Qur’aan, the remembrance of Allaah, and righteous actions. They were not negligent therein of (even) a minute or a second, except that they would put forth therein righteous actions. This is the first question.
Translated by Raha ibn Donald Batts
Posted from: http://mtws.posthaven.com
Fasting on Saturday
Explained by Shaykh Ubaid
Our Shaykh, may Allah give you good; this coming Saturday coincides with the 10th of Muharam. The questioner says: Do we fast on this day? And for those who view fasting on Saturday, with the exception of the obligatory fast is prohibited are they correct in criticizing those who fast?
Firstly I say: The prohibition of fasting on Saturday is weak. It is not authentic according to many of the Scholars. And if it is authentic then the prohibition is for the one who intends this day, he intends to fast on Saturday due to it being Saturday. And there comes an incitement to fast the day of Arafat and the day of Aashoora, and three days from every month, and these days will fall on Saturday. These days will not occur without falling on Saturday, it is a must that they will (eventually) fall on Saturday. For example, the questioner mentioned that this coming Saturday will be the 10th of Muharam, and this is according to the calendar, this issue shall come shortly, and the day of Arafat may coincide with Saturday and one of the three days that the Muslim fasts from the three days of the month may coincide with Saturday.
And the hadith of Aisha from the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him, is authentic.
(لَمْ يَكُنْ يُبَالِي مِنْ أَيِّ أَيَّامِ الشَّهْرِ يَصُومُ)
He did not mind which days of the month he would fast.
And this is general. And it is also authentic that he, prayers and peace are upon him, during the first month would fast Saturday, Sunday, and Monday and during the second month he would fast Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday.
And in the hadith of Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him:
(نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَّا بِيَوْمٍ قَبْلَهُ أَوْ يَوْمٍ بَعْدَهُ)
The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him, prohibited fasting on Fridays except (if the person fasts) the day before it or the day after it.
Therefore what day is before it? The day before it is Thursday and the day after it is Saturday. Thus the one who fast on Friday and then fast on Saturday, there is no problem with this. This is the reconciliation between the evidences showing the prohibition of fasting on Saturday for the person who intends Saturday, because it is Saturday.
The remaining issue: Now, are you going by the calendar or the moon sighting? Meaning today is the second of the month, based upon the calendar or the moon? If it is based upon the calendar, then the calendar is not given consideration when it comes to worship. The calendar is given consideration for official transactions—in departments—there is no problem in this. As for worship, then if it reaches you that the month started on Thursday, then Saturday will be the 10th. And if this has not come to you, then complete the month of Dhul Hija as thirty days, and the month of Muharam will start Friday.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Assalamualaykkum warahmatullahi wabarakatu,
As there is difference of opinion among scholars concerning Fasting on Saturday, please find the attached documents with ruling on this subject and their proofs presented…
Attachments: ( Click on the Below Links to read the documents)
- Summarized points of – Fasting on Saturday - By Shaykh Uthaymeen
- Shaykh Al Albani and Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al Abbad debate on fasting
- Permanent committee ruling
Praying that Allah guide us all and give us better understanding of His deen…
Abu AbdirRahman Rajeef
via Ksa_Dawah mailng list
The first question of Fatwa no. 6951
Q 1: why is the 10th of Muharram called the Day of ‘Ashura’?
A: Because it is the tenth day [‘Ashura’ means tenth in Arabic. ed.], just as the ninth day is called Tasu‘a’.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, his family, and Companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
What is the ruling upon the one that caught the tashahud along with the congregation in the ‘Eid prayer and in the prayer for rain? Should he then pray two rak’ahs and do as the Imaam had done or what should he do?
Whosoever catches only the tashahud along with the Imaam in the ‘Eid prayer or in the prayer for rain then he should pray two rak’ahs after the Imaam gives the tasleem (i.e. finishes the prayer). In those rak’ahs he should do just as the Imaam had done by way of takbeer and recitation and bowing and prostration.
Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Shaykh `Abdullah bin Ghudayaan
Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq al-`Afeefee
Fataawaa Al-Lajnah ad-daa’imah vol. 8 page 307 question 2 of fatwa number 4517
Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Farooq
If ‘Eid prayer and Friday prayer (salaatul-Jumu’ah) fall on the same day, what are the options?
Answer: Dr. Muhammad Baazmool, may Allah protect him, says,
“If Friday prayer and ‘Eid prayer fall on the same day, whoever prays ‘Eid prayer, Friday prayer is not obligatory on him. Rather, [he can] pray the afternoon prayer (salaatu ath-thur)  in its (Friday prayer’s) place (Baazmool 121, 122).” 
 – On the authority of Abu Hurayrah [d. AH 57 or 58] , may Allah be pleased with him,
“The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, said, ‘Eid prayer and Friday prayer have fallen on the same day, today. Whoever prays ‘Eid prayer, Friday prayer is not obligatory on him. As for us, we are going to pray Friday prayer’(Al-Albaanee 179).” 
 – On the authority of ‘Ataa Abi Rabaah [d. AH 114] ,
“Ibn Zubayr [d.AH 73]  led us in ‘Eid prayer early one Friday morning. [Later that day] we went out to pray Friday prayer, but we didn’t see Ibn Zubayr!? Therefore, we prayed by ourselves; and when that happened, Ibn ‘Abbaas was in Ta’if.
So when we saw Ibn ‘Abbaas [d. AH 68] , we asked him (Ibn Abbaas) about Ibn Zubayr not praying Friday prayer with us. Ibn ‘Abbaas answered by saying, ‘What Ibn Zubayr did (not praying Friday prayer) was in accordance with Prophetic Tradition (the Sunnah).”
[*] – As-Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan said,
“If ‘Eid prayer falls on the same day as Friday prayer, whoever prays ‘Eid prayer, it is not obligatory for him to pray Friday prayer. Rather Friday prayer becomes recommended (sunnah) for him. However, as it relates to the Imam [of the community], it is obligatory for him to pray both ‘Eid prayer and Friday prayer. He can not leave off Friday prayer because those who choose to pray Friday prayer need an Imam. (Fawzaan 2/257).” 
Important Note: All biographies were taken from (Aadam, Muhammad). 
May Allah, the Most High, reward all of the Muslims who are sacrificing their wealth and effort to perform al-Hajj, Aameen!
Translated and Compiled by:
Jameel Finch al-Makki
University of Umm al-Quraa
Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Thu al-Hijjah 9, 1430 / November 25, 2009
1 [TN]: The afternoon prayer (salaatu ath-thur) should be prayed as four units (raka’aat).
2 Baazmool, Muhammad. The Object of Desire for the One Who Wants to Perform Voluntary Prayers. Riyaadh: Dar al-Hijrah. 1423/2002
3 Abdur-Rahman bin Sakhr [d. AH 57 or 58], the Companion who narrated 5374 Prophetic Traditions (Hadeeth).
4 Authentic: Al-Albaani, Naasir ad-Deen. Abu Dawood’s Collection of Prophetic Narrations. Riyaadh: Maktabah al-M’aarif. First Print.
5 ‘Ataa Abi Rabaah al-Makki [d. AH 114] was a follower of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (Taabi’i). He was trustworthy and had a very sound understanding of the religion of Islam.
6 ‘Abdullah Ibn Zubayr al-Qurashi [d. AH 73] was a Companion of the Messenger of Allah. He was the first child born from the Muslims after their resettlement from Makkah to al-Madinah. May Allah be pleased with him. (*) I had trouble identifying this Companion. May Allah reward brother Moosaa Richardson for helping me over the phone.
7 Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbaas al-Haashimi [d. AH 68] was the cousin of the Messenger of Allah. He was known to be extremely knowledgeable about the religion of Islam. He was given the nickname ‘The Ocean’ due to his vast knowledge. May Allah, the Most High, be pleased with him.
8 Al-Fawzaan, Saalih. Selected Religious Verdicts from Saalih al-Fawzaan. Lebanon: Ar-Resaalah Publishers. 1425/2004
9 Aadam, Muhammad. A Summarized Version of the Narrators of al-Bukhaari and Muslim. Ad-Dammam: Dar ibn al-Jawzi. 1430/2009
Article Source : http://www.salafitalk.net/st/uploads/Friday.pdf
- When Eid coincides with Friday
Fatwa from Permanent Committee and Shaik Ibn Baz (rahimahullaah)
Du’a Qunut – Regarding Raising of the Hands and Saying ‘ameen’ aloud after the Du’aas are uttered – Shaikh ‘Ubaid
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Question no. 65:
During the Taraweeh prayer, whilst the Imam is reciting supplications in the final Qunut, what is the ruling regarding saying ‘ameen’ aloud after the du’aas are uttered, the raising of the hands and the extra supplications?
Answer by Shaikh ‘Ubaid al-Jabiree (hafidhahullaah):
There are three parts to this question.
First, regarding saying ‘ameen’ behind the Imam in the prayer, if it is in the Witr prayer or in Tahajjud or this type of prayer, then there is nothing wrong with this. And you can continue doing this as it is permissible for you to say ‘Ameen’ behind the Imam. This is to happen when the one who prays hears the Imam say a du’aa preceeded with such as ‘Allaahumma…’ [or 'Rabbaana']. However, when the Imam is glorifying Allaah ‘Azza wa Jal, then you do not say ‘Ameen;’ rather you remain quiet.
If however the Imam makes du’aa in a morning prayer, then you do not say ‘Ameen,’ as this is an innovation.
Secondly, regarding raising the hands during the Qunut, if this happens during a Qunut in Fajr, then you should not raise your hands – this is an innovation, although the prayer still remains correct but you shouldn’t raise your hands eventhough your Imam persists in saying these supplications. …
Thirdly regarding the extra supplications in the Qunut as in known in the Qunut of Hassan bin ‘Ali (radhi Allaahu ‘anhumma) that was taught to him by the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam himself; then this Qunut is a brief supplication. I personally do not consider it permissible to add to this Qunut and elongate it with extra supplication due to it opposing the Sunnah of statement in which the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam taught his grand-son, Hassan.
Additionally, this extra wording contains false praise which innovates in the supplication and causes hardship to those who pray behind the Imam; you even find that the Imams who do this often recite this in a melody such as singing, and reciting in a beautiful voice should only be done when reciting the Qur`aan.
Article taken from http://www.salafitalk.com
For the Below articles – Check the above salafitalk.com link:
- Adding additional words to Du’aa of Qunut – Shaikh Al-’Uthaimeen
- PROLONGING THE DU’AA OF QUNOOT – Shaikh Muqbil (rahimahullaah) – (Translated by Dawud Burbank)
Giving Short Talks after Four Rakat in Taraweeh Prayer
Imam Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al Albani
Translated by Rasheed Barbee
The Imam Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al Albani may Allah have mercy upon him said…
The standing in prayer during Ramadan has only been legislated to increase in the closeness to Allah the Mighty and Majestic by standing in prayer. For this reason we don’t see that we should make the tawareeh prayer mixed with something from knowledge or teaching or anything like that. It is only befitting that standing in prayer be pure unadulterated worship. As for knowledge then it has it’s time. It is not limited to a particular time. Rather one should consider what is beneficial to those learning, and this is the foundation.
And therefore I intended by this to say that the one who makes a practice of teaching the people after every four rakats for example during the tawareeh prayer, taking this as a habit, then this is something newly invented that opposes the Sunnah.
Taken from the tape series the guidance and the light number 693 at the 28 minute on the tape, by The Shaykh Muhammad Nasir Ad Deen Al Abani may Allah have mercy upon him.
Translated by Rasheed Barbee
قيام رمضان شُرع فقط لزيادة التقرب إلى الله عز وجل بصلاة القيام , ولذلك فلا نرى نحن أن نجعل صلاة التراويح يخالطها شيء من العلم والتعليم ونحو ذلك , وإنما ينبغي أن تكون صلاة القيام محض العبادة , أما العلم فله زمن , لا يحدد بزمن , وإنما يراعي فيه مصلحة المتعلمين , وهذا هو الأصل وأريد من هذا أن من إتخذ عادة أن يعلم الناس ما بين كل أربع ركعات مثلا في صلاة القيام , إتخذ ذلك عادة , فتلك محدثة مخالفة للسنة “.
مفرغ من شريط سلسلة الهدى والنور رقم 693 ـ الدقيقة 28 ـ
Shaykh Ahmad ibn Ahmad Shamlaan (may Allaah preserve him) mentioned thirteen mannerisms that are to be observed for the one eating the Sahoor:
- Sincerity of the intentions
- Saying Bismillaah when one is about to eat, eating with the right hand and eating from that which is closer to you. Based upon the Hadeeth Umar ibn Abee Salamah.
- Gathering together upon the food. Indeed in that there’s a blessing.
- Not being wasteful in the meal and praising Allaah for it.
- The the meal is from lawful wealth. Indeed it is stronger for the (carrying out) the act of worship. Indeed Allaah is good and He only accepts that which is good.
- Having concern for the (proper) time (regarding the Suhoor)
- Seeking the forgiveness and making supplication in abundance during the time of as-Sahar (last part of the night shortly before the break of dawn). For indeed it is a blessed time (period).
- Give Sadaqah during that time and being diligent to be one who aids the one who has the ability to fulfill the fasting by feeding him the sahoor.
- Washing the mouth good along with the usage of the Siwaak. This is in order that the traces of the food do not remain in the mouth which will cause the one fasting doubt if it was to overwhelm him and enter down his throat.
- Waiting after the eating of the Sahoor for the purpose of performance of the dawn prayer. How praise worthy it is if the person was to go to the Masjid and wait for the prayer. Indeed that is stronger for him upon that (matter of praying the Fajr prayer on time). This is the case especially when many from amongst the people stay awake during the nights of Ramadaan up until the (time for) Sahoor. They eat the Sahoor then lay down. As a result of that, sleep overcomes and they miss the prayer. It’s possible that the person doesn’t get up until after the sun rise and some mid-day.
- Taking the food that is suitable for the condition of the one fasting. Like eating the dates along drinking milk and that which is similar to it.
- Getting the children accustomed to eating the Sahoor and fasting.
- Giving precedence (to others over oneself).
Taking from “Ad-Dururul-Manthoor fee Ahkaamil-Iftaar was-Suhoor” pg. 79-80 by Shaykh Ahmad ibn Ahmad Shamlaan (may Allaah preserve him)
Translated by Abu Yusuf Khaleefah USA NYC
8th day of Ramadaan 1433/ 27th of July 2012