Question: This questioner has three questions.
The first question: Is covering the vessels during the night obligatory or not? Based upon his صَلَّىٰ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ statement:
Cover your vessels.
Shaykh Ubaid: You are alluding to the hadith of Hudaifah, that which has been agreed upon from him:
أوكِئوا السِّقاء واذكروا اسم اللهِ عليْه، وَخمِّروا الإِناء واذكروا اسم اللهِ عليْه وَلَوْ أَن تضعوا عليهِ عودًا
Tie your water-skins and mention the Name of Allah over them, and cover your vessels and mention the Name of Allah over them, even if you place over your vessels a stick.
Muslim added—as it appears in Al Muharrar—:
فَإِنَّ فِي السَّنَةِ لَيْلَةً يَنْزِلُ فِيهَا وَبَاءٌ لَا يَمُرُّ بِإِنَاءٍ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ غِطَاءٌ ، أَوْ سِقَاءٌ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ وِكَاءٌ إِلَّا نَزَلَ فِيهِ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْوَبَاءِ
For verily there is a night during the year when pestilence descends, and it does not pass an uncovered vessel or an untied water-skin but some of that pestilence descending into it.
Thus what I have taken from this:
First: This affair is obligatory, and it is from the reason for protection, because he said: (even if you place over your vessels a stick) Meaning placing a spoon over a jug or over a bowl that contains drink or food.
Second: This tying—tying the water-skins and covering the vessels—should be done at night. And Allah knows best.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Can the Jinn steal material items from the home?
Answered by Shaykh Ubayd al-Jaabiree
May Allah give you good. The first question is from the questions from Miraath website. The questioner from Algeria says. May Allah give you good O Shaykh. Is it possible for the Jinn to steal or take material items from the house, such as gold or wealth?
This category of Jinn does indeed perform the action mention in the question. And that which I found through investigating the situations of the people is that the magicians and charlatans use them (the Jinn) for this purpose. Thus the Jinn place a condition upon them that they seek nearness to them by providing an offering to them. Thus by way of this they fall into shirk. So if they (the magicians and charlatans) do what the Jinn want, they do what they (the magicians and charlatans) want; from stealing, murder, possessing people and other than that.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
The Difference Between Seeking Refuge and Taking Refuge
Imam Ibnul-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) gave a beautiful explanation of taking refuge (a’oodhu), and from that long explanation, he said: “Its essential meaning is to flee from that which you fear will harm you to that which will safeguard you from it.” …The meaning of a’oodhu is: “I take refuge, guard myself and take precaution.”
Also, Ibnul-Qayyim explained the difference between seeking refuge (asta’idhu) and taking refuge (a’oodhu):
The reply is: The “seen” and “ta” are grammatically used to denote a person’s seeking something. Therefore when one says, ‘Asta’idhu with Allaah,’ he is saying, ‘I seek refuge with Him.’ When he says, ‘Astaghfirullaah,’ he is saying, ”I seek the forgiveness of Allaah.”
However, when the person says, ‘I take refuge (a’oodhu) with Allaah,’ he is actually implementing and realizing what he seeks, because he sought refuge and protection with Allaah. There is a clear difference between actually taking refuge and seeking refuge. Therefore, because the one who is taking refuge is actually recoursing to Allaah, and holding firmly to Him, he says the verb that denotes this rather than saying the verb that denotes that he only seeks this.
The opposite is true for the saying, ‘Astaghfirullaah’ (I seek the forgiveness of Allaah), for in this case the person is asking Allaah to forgive him. Therefore, when he says, ‘Astaghfirullaah,’ he is implementing what he desires because the meaning of this statement is, ‘I ask Allaah that He forgive me.’
This then is the best way of seeking refuge, and it was for this reason that the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to say: “I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed Shaytaan,” and “I take refuge with Allaah’s perfect words,” and ‘”I take refuge with the Might and Power of Allaah,’ saying, ‘a’oodhu’ rather than ‘asta’idhu.’ Indeed, this is what Allaah taught him to say with His words:
Say: “I take refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of the daybreak, (Al-Falaq, ayah 1)
Say: “I take refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of mankind, (An-Nas, ayah 1)
Employing the word ‘a’oodhu’ rather than ‘asta’idhu.’
(Ibnul al-Qayyim, Bada`i al-Fawa`id, vol. 1, pg. 439-441; Tafsir al-Qayyim, pp. 538-541)
Taken from : http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SalafisOfFlorida/message/1524
Every intelligent person knows that Shaytān has no way to [attack] him except from three angles:
1. Extravagance. [A person] takes more than he needs, so it becomes superfluous; and [surplus] is the share of Shaytān and his point of entry to the heart. The way to avoid this is to avoid giving the self all it wants of food, sleep, pleasure and comfort. When you close this door, you will be safe from the enemy entering through it.
2. Heedlessness. One who remembers [Allāh] is in an impenetrable fortress. If he becomes forgetful and heedless, he opens the gates of the fortress, and the enemy enters, after which it is difficult to expel him.
If Abu Hurairah took knowledge from Shaytaan why can’t I take from the innovator?
Explained by Shaykh Fawzan
Some of the people of innovation use as a proof the hadith of Abu Hurairah to show that it is permissible to take knowledge from the people of innovation because Abu Hurirah took knowledge from Shaytaan.
He took knowledge from the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him. He did not take from Shaytaan. The Messenger of Allah is the one who informed him of this and he did not take from Shaytaan. And he did not depend upon the statement of Shaytaan; rather he only depended upon the statement of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace are upon him.
(The Messenger of Allah prayers and peace are upon him said:)
“He spoke the truth, while he is a compulsive liar.”
This is using falsehood as proof. This speech is using falsehood as proof.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Q: He says: Noble Shaykh, may Allah give you success. Some of the grave worshippers say, we pray to the wali (saint), and he answers some of our prayers. So because he has the ability to do this, this means it’s permissible to pray to him. So how do we respond to this?
A. (Shaykh Fawzan)
My brother, the achievement of a goal by way of shirk does not prove that it’s permissible, because this is a test and a trial, and gradual punishment from Allah azza wa jall. He may be punishing you gradually with this.
Or the devil who is present at the grave or tomb is answering your needs in order to mislead you from the path of Allah, because he may have the ability and he can’t be seen. He might respond to your need and bring this to you from somewhere far off.
This is either a gradual punishment from Allah, or it is from the devil, intending to mislead you, or it happened as a decree and a due measure. It was already decreed for you to obtain this need at this time and this place, by the decree and due measure of Allah, not because you called upon this dead person.
And the point is that Allah has forbidden this. That’s enough. It’s enough that Allah forbade this. “So don’t call upon anyone other than Allah.” (Qur’an, 72:18) This is enough. So if they say, “This is not enough for me, and I will call upon other than Allah”, then say, “Then you have destroyed yourself.”
Taken from the explanation of تنظيف الاعتقاد من ادران الالحاد on 1432-03-26
Listen / Download mp3 : (arabic only)
The Noble Scholar, Muhammad al-‘Uthaymeen, may Allah have mercy on him, said:
In this life, the description of a person’s actions is based upon what is apparent, so we interact with people based upon what is apparent from their conditions.
However, in order for a person’s actions to be sound, his inner actions must match these outward actions. Also, what is apparent from him must coincide with that which is hidden in him.
If a person’s actions are contradictory to his intentions, and his heart becomes engrossed with corrupt aims -and we seek refuge with Allah from this- then there is no greater loss for him! He tires himself by doing deeds; yet, there is no reward for his effort.
The end result of these sorts of actions are clarified in an authentic hadeeth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah exalt his mention and grant him safety, said: ‘Allah, the Most High, said: ‘I am not in need of any partners, whoever does an action for me and for other than me, I have abandoned him and his polytheism.’ [Collected by Muslim]
[A Subtle Point]
The devil (shaytaan) may come to you when you want to do a good deed and say, ‘You are only doing this good deed to show-off.’ As a result, he decreases your desire to do an action, and he discourages you.
Do not pay attention to this, and do not obey him; rather, perform deeds, even if he says to you: ‘You’re only performing this action to show-off or to gain a good reputation.’ Ignore him, because if someone were to ask you, ‘Are you performing this action to show-off?,’ you would surely say, ‘No!’
Therefore, these devilish whisperings that the devil entered into your heart, don’t pay attention to them. Do good deeds. And do not say to yourself, ‘I am showing-off’ and the like. (1)
[Benefits from Shaykh ‘Uthaymeen’s Speech] (2)
: Allah, the Most High, is not in need of any partners.
: The Messenger’s clear manner in warning against polytheism
: A lofty encouragement to work solely for Allah
: We assess and interact with people based on what is apparent.
: It is possible for the heart to become engrossed with corrupt intentions.
: Doing deeds for other than Allah is a waste of time and effort; furthermore, there is no reward for them.
: The devil is underhanded and diligent in misguiding us.
: Ignore devilish whisperings and perform as many good deeds as possible.
(1) Muhammad al-‘Uthaymeen, Explanation of Riyaadh al-Saaliheen, 1/15-16
(2) Summary by the translator
Abu Adam Jameel Finch
Umm al-Quraa University, College of Sharee’ah
Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
http://embodyislam.org/ – Visit and subscribe to this blog to recieve post updates
by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen
Thoughts and whispers that contradict the religion do not frequent the dead heart, on account of its being lifeless and a destroyed organ. Shaytaan does not want more than with what he is charged. For that reason, it was said to Ibn Mas'ud radiyallahu anhu or Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu that the Jews say: …
عَنْ أَبِى الْمَلِيحِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ رَدِيفَ النَّبِىِّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فَعَثَرَتْ دَابَّتُهُ فَقُلْتُ تَعِسَ الشَّيْطَانُ . فَقَالَ « لاَ تَقُلْ تَعِسَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا قُلْتَ ذَلِكَ تَعَاظَمَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ مِثْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيَقُولَ بِقُوَّتِى وَلَكِنْ قُلْ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا قُلْتَ ذَلِكَ تَصَاغَرَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ مِثْلَ الذُّبَابِ ».
Ad-Daa wad-Dawaa, pp. 91-92, slightly edited.
Translated by Ahmed Abu Turaab
Ibn al-Qayyim said, “So it may become impossible for him to pronounce the shahaadah, as many people have witnessed happen to those on the deathbed, such that it was said to some of them:
“Say Laa ilaaha illallaah.” So he replied, “Aaah! Aaah! I cannot say it!”
And it was said to another, “Say Laa ilaaha illallaah.” So he replied, “King! Rook! Checkmate!” and then he passed away.
And it was said to another, “Say Laa ilaaha illallaah.” So he started singing irrationally, saying, ‘Taatinaa tinintaa, [no meaning, just irrational singing]’ and then passed away.
And the same was said to another, so he replied, “And how will what you are saying help me when I left no sin except that I committed it?” and then he passed away without saying it.
And the same was said to another, so he replied, “And how will that benefit me? And I don’t know if I have ever prayed a single time to Allaah?” and then he passed away without saying it.
And the same was said to another, so he replied [talking about himself], “He is a disbeliever in what you say,” and then he passed away.
And the same was said to another, so he replied, “Every time I want to say it my tongue withholds.”
And someone who was present at the death of someone who would beg told me that [they told him to say the shahaadah] so he started saying, “For Allaah’s Sake. A penny for Allaah’s Sake,” until he passed away.
And a trader told me that he was present when one of his relatives was on his deathbed, so they told him to say Laa ilaaha illallaah and he was saying, “This piece is cheap. This is a good buy. This is such and such,” until he passed away.
So if the devil has gained mastery over the servant in the state when his mind is present and his strength [is also present] and he has complete cognizance, and has employed him in committing whichever acts of disobedience to Allaah he wants him to do, and has made him unmindful of the remembrance of Allaah the Most High, and has paralysed his tongue from remembering Him and his limbs from obeying Him–then what does one think will be the case when his strength breaks down and his heart and soul become preoccupied with the death pangs that he is in?
And [all the while] Shaitaan will have gathered all of his strength and determination and assembled everything that he is capable of to avail his opportunity concerning him–for that is the last action.
So the strongest his Shaitaan will be against him will be at that time, and the weakest he [i.e., the person] will be will be at that time.
So who do you think will be safe from that? So it is there that, “Allaah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word [i.e., 'the firm word' is Laa ilaaha illallaah], in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allaah sends astray the wrongdoers. And Allaah does what He wills.” Ibraaheem 14:27
So how can someone whose heart Allaah has made heedless from His remembrance and who has followed his desires and whose affair is ever [in] neglect be granted the success to have a good ending?
Thus far away–the one whose heart is distant from Allaah the Most High, heedless of Him, worshipping his own desires, a slave to his lusts, his tongue dry from ever remembering Allaah [i.e., not moist with His remembrance], his limbs incapacitated from obeying Him actively working to disobey Him–far away [is such a person] from being granted the success to have a good ending.”
Ad-Daa wad-Dawaa, pp. 91-92, slightly edited.
- Seeking refuge in Allaah from the evil of one’s soul and from the evil of Shaytan and his shirk (shayaateen.wordpress.com)
- Praise be to Allaah Who has diminished Shaytan’s evil thoughts to just a whisper (shayaateen.wordpress.com)
- From The Foundations of Evils (salaf-us-saalih.com)