[E-Book] The Descripitions of the Prophets Prayer from Pure Sunnah With illustrations – Shaykh Muhammad Bazmool
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Translator: Raha ibn Donald Batts
Translation Verified By: Aboo Qaylah Rasheed Barbee
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Some Mistakes Made concerning the manner of raising the hands With the Takbeer
From the contradictions of the Sunnah regarding the manner of raising the hands with the Takbeer, is what some of the worshipers do. From that:
- 1. Raising the hands under the shoulders to the pectorals.
- 2. Bending the fingers of the hand.
- 3. That he turns the bottoms of the hands towards the face or he makes them face each other.
- 4. That he separate his hands much from the sides of his shoulders with the Takbeer.
- 5. That he raise one hand without raising the other.
- 6. That he flap his hands about with the Takbeer.
- 7. That he raise his hands over his head.
All of these descriptions oppose the Sunnah!
Taken from: Explanation of the Prophet’s Prayer Described, by Shaykh Muhammad Baazmool (hafidhahullaah)
Translated by: Raha ibn Donald Batts
The Correct Manner of Raising the Hands In The Prayer, by Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-’Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-’Uthaymeen was asked: What is the manner and place of raising the hands? There are some who raise the hands to the chest, and some who raise them to their lower part of their chests. Please clarify for us the correct manner in this. And may Allaah reward you.
Shaykh al-’Uthaymeen answered: Raising of the hands in the prayer is in four places/times:
- First: During the Takbeeratul Ihraam (The Opening/Beginning of the Salaat)
- Second: While going to Rukoo’ (bowing position)
- Third: After rising from the Rukoo’
- And the fourth place is at the rising from the first Tashahhud 
[And as for the way of raising the hands]:
The hands are not to be raised past the height of the (upper) tips of the ears, or (you can raise the hands) to the ear lobes, or to the shoulders.  This is the Sunnaah. Meaning either you raise your hands to the top of the ears, or to the height of the ear lobes, or to the shoulders.
As for raising the hands to (the height of) the chest, then this is wrong. In reality this action is useless, and there is no reward for the person who does this. This is because this action (raising the hands to the chest) has not come in the Sunnah, and nor does this action bring tranquility. So it is just a movement of an action that is not legislated; thus, this will be from the actions that are not part of the salaat and are in vain.
Therefore, we tell our brothers and sisters who are diligent on acting upon the Sunnah, (especially) in raising the hands: The least is that they should raise their hands to the shoulders, or (they could do more) and raise them to the ear lobes, or to the upper part of the ears.”
And it is best, that you do this one at a time, and the next some other time. So as to revive the Sunnah in all its aspects and actions.
 This in reference to the hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhaaree from Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu ‘anhuma): “When the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stood for prayer, he raised his hands until they were at the level of his shoulders then said, ‘Allaahu akbar,’ and he would do that when he said, ‘Allaahu akbar’ for the bowing. And when he raised his head from bowing, he raised them like that as well and then said ‘Sami’ Allaahu liman hamidah, Rabbana walakal hamd.’”
In another narration, also in Saheeh Bukhaaree, Ibn ‘Umar reported, “When Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stood from the second rak’ah, he said ‘Allaahu akbar’ and raised his hands.” This has also been narrated in the hadeeth of Abee Humayd as-Saa’idee (radiallaahu ‘anhu). See Saheeh Sunan Abu Daawood by Imaam al-Albaanee, no. 670.
* It should be noted that raising the hands is also authenticated while rising from every (applicable) rak’ah. Shaykh al-’Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) did not mention this. Please refer back to Sifaatu-Salaat an-Nabee (The Prophet’s Prayer Described) of al-Imaam al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah).
[For example, Shaykh Al-Albaanee mentioned in the footnotes under the chapter "Standing up for the Third, and then the Fourth Rak'ah" that there is a hadeeth with an authentic chain in Abu 'Awaanah and Nasaa`ee that proves the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) used to sometimes raise his hands when rising for the fourth rak'ah.]
 The above hadeeth in Saheeh Bukhaaree from Ibn ‘Umar states the proof for raising the hands to the level of the shoulders. As for raising them to the ears, it is in the report of Maalik bin al-Huwayrith (radiallaahu ‘anhu) who said: “I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) raise his hands when he said ‘Allaahu akbar,’ when he bowed, and when he raised his head from bowing, until they extended to the level of his ears.” See Saheeh Sunan Abu Daawood by Imaam al-Albaanee, no. 670.
[Shaykh Al-Albaanee wrote in The Prophet's Prayer Described, under the Chapter "Raising The Hands":
He (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would raise his hands sometimes with the takbeer , sometimes after the takbeer , and sometimes before it. 
“He would raise them with fingers apart [not spaced out, nor together],”  and “he would put them level with his shoulders” , although occasionally, “he would raise them until they were level with [the tops of] his ears.” 
4- Bukhaaree, Nasaa`ee
6- Bukhaaree, Abu Daawood
7- Abu Daawood, Ibn Khuzaimah (1/62/2, 64/1), Tammaam & Haakim who declared it saheeh, and Dhahabee agreed
8- Bukhaaree, Nasaa`ee
9- Bukhaaree, Abu Daawood ]
Translation by: Abu Waheeda as-salafee
Source: The Correct Manner of Raising the Hands In The Prayer by Shaikh al-’Uthaimeen
Imam Ahmad: Whoever prohibits people from raising their hands during the prayer (at the start of the prayer, before ruku’, after ruku’) is an Innovator!
Narrated by Nafi’: Whenever Ibn ‘Umar started the prayer with Takbeer, he used to raise his hands. Whenever he bowed, he used to raise his hands (before bowing) and also used to raise his hands on saying, “Sami’ Allaahu Liman Hamida”, and he used to do the same on rising from the second Rak’a (for the 3rd Rak’a). Ibn ‘Umar said: “The Prophet used to do the same.” [Bukhaaree, The Book of The Characteristics of the Prayer]
In his Saheeh, Imam Muslim (rahimahullaah) included a chapter: The Desirability of Raising The Hands Opposite The Shoulders at the Time Of Beginning The Prayer and at the Time of Bowing and at the Time of Returning to the Erect Position after Bowing. In this chapter are six ahadeeth, narrated by various companions.
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah) relayed that Imam Ahmad (rahimahullaah) said: “Whoever prohibits people from raising their hands during the prayer (at the start of the prayer, before ruku’, and after ruku’) is an Innovator!
‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu ‘ahumma) would gather pebbles to throw at whoever he saw not raising his hands during the prayer – to show his rejection of them – because they opposed the Sunnah of Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).” [Sharh Ibaana Sughraa]
[May Allaah be pleased with all the companions and have mercy on all the true scholars who have passed, and preserve the living Salafee scholars, and their Salafee students.]
A brother (may Allaah reward him generously) brought to attention the fact that in Imam Al-Albaanee’s highly beneficial book The Prophet’s Prayer Described, there is a tremendous related benefit. In the footnotes under the chapter of Rukoo’ (Bowing), In-sha`Allaah you will find the following gem:
‘Abdullaah ibn Ahmad reported from his father [Imam Ahmad, rahimahullaah] in his Masaa`il (p. 60): “It is related from ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir (radiallaahu ‘anhu) that he said about a man raising his hands during prayer, ‘he earns ten good deeds for each such movement.’” This is supported by the hadeeth Qudsee: “…he who intends a good deed and then does it, Allaah writes it down with Himself as from ten to seven hundred good deeds.” [Transmitted by Bukhaaree & Muslim, rahimahumullaah] See Saheeh at-Targheeb, no. 16. [END OF FOOTNOTE]
That’s at least 430 deeds a day over the course of the five obligatory prayers – not counting the optional prayers and not counting raising the hands when rising for the second rak’ah and fourth rak’ah.
قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُور ٌ رَحِيم
Say (Oh Muhammad to mankind): “If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me (i.e. accept Tawheed, follow the Qur`aan and the Sunnah), Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Aali Imran, ayah 31)
Refusing to raise the hands is one matter. Preventing others is another matter.
For more on the tremendous importance of following the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his Sahaaba, click here.
Wisdom For Raising The Hands in Salat
In her commentary on Buloogh al-Maram, Umm ‘Abdillaah al-Waadi’iyyah (hafidhahallaah) said:
“And there are books by Imam Al Bukharee (rahimahullaah) that have a section regarding the raising of the hands in the salaah. The People of Knowledge have differed onto the wisdom of raising the hands.
- Some of them said it is surrendering, since a captive – when he is defeated – would raise his hands, which is a sign of surrendering.
- It was also said that it has the exaltation of Allaah, and following of the Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ).
- It was also said it is an indication of exaltation of that which he has entered (i.e. the salaah) and it was said other than that.”
Post Courtesy: Maher ibn Ahmad Attiyeh al-Maqdisi via SalafisofFlorida mailing list
Some people always say “Aameen, wa iyyaak” (which means “Aameen, and to you also”) after someone supplicates, “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” (which means “may Allaah reward you with good”). Is it is an innovation to reply with this phrase all the time?
ANSWER by Shaykh Muhammad ‘Umar Baazmool, instructor at Umm Al-Quraa University in Makkah
There are many narrations from the Companions and the from the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), and there are narrations describing the actions of the people of knowledge. In these narrations, it is said to them, “Jazaak Allaahu khayran,” there is no mention that they used to reply specifically with “Aameen, wa iyyaakum.”
Due to this, my position on a person clinging to this phrase, “Aameen, wa iyyaakum,” after any supplication, not just “Jazaak Allaahu khayran,” is that he has fallen into an innovation that has been added (to the Religion).
So in these kinds of circumstances, Muslims can use this phrase sometimes, and abandon it sometimes, but they must not cling to it as if it is an established Sunnah of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), and Allaah knows best.
This was translated exclusively for http://www.bakkah.net from a cassette recording with the knowledge and permission of the shaykh, file no. AAMB021, dated 1423/7/18.
Dr. Muhammad Baazmool mentioned that there is no specified answer for it from the Sunnah.
To add something to that: The phrase “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” is something that is from the Sunnah to be said to express thanks or praise, due to the hadeeth:
On the authority of Usaamah ibn Zayd, he said that the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam said: “Whoever has had something nice done for him and then says to his companion, ‘Jazaak Allaahu khayran,’ then he has surely excelled in praising (him).”
Al-Albaanee authenticated it in Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee #2035 (2/392).
So then it is not like other phrases found in the sunnah that have specified answers, like:
- 1) Al-hamdulillaah — yarhamukallaah — yahdeekumullaahu wa yuslihu baalakum
- 2) As-Salaamu ‘alaykum — wa ‘alaykumus-salaam
- 3) Uhibbuka fillaah — ahabbak Allaahul-lathee ahbabtanee feeh, etc
These are all supported by evidences. We may not say that the response to a certain phrase must be such-and-such except with evidence.
So then a person may respond to “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” with any number of phrases that make sense, like:
aameen wa iyyaak
aameen wa jazaak
wa iyyaak kathaalik
wa iyyaanaa ajma’een
wa iyyaak bi’ashri amthaalihaa
or other things in English:
aameen, and to you brother
aameen, to you likewise
and may He reward you too
and to you
to you the same
And this is done without clinging to any one phrase. So actually “Aameen wa iyyaak” is a very sensible reply in ‘arabic. The shaykh only made a difference between saying it sometimes and saying it as if it is legislated in the Deen.
So we have to make a note here since many of us fall into this when we are learning arabic. The phrase “kayfa haaluk” does not have a legislated answer. It is not a must to reply, “tayyib walhamdulillaah.” This is simply something taught since it is a common conversation, like “how are you?” and “i’m fine.” It should not be taken as legislation, meaning that when you hear someone say, “jayyid walillaahil-hamd” you correct him. Rather many of us stick to “tayyib walhamdulillaah” since it is the only phrase we know in arabic. We do not intend to make it deen, but it is unfortunately our constant, unchanging answer to “kayfa haaluk”.
Likewise, “aameen wa iyyaak.” It is just something we were taught as a conversation. ”Jazaak Allaahu khayran, aameen wa iyyaak” Its fine like that, it makes sense. But we have to realize it is not Deen. The specific phrase of “jazaak Allaahu khayran” is Deen, but the reply is left up to how ever you want to answer. I am not suggesting that you must learn all those phrases I mentioned above and meanwhile you have a lot of legislated du’aas to learn still, but you could simply not reply sometimes when someone says “Jazaak Allaahu khayran” as there is no obligatory or recommended reply needed. You could also mix up “Ameen, wa iyyaak” with a simple “Aameen” or simply “wa iyyaak”, and sometimes no reply. Here you have four different answers. I hope I am not complicating this issue, may Allaah forgive me.
Additional note: The word ‘Aameen’ is legislated in general for du’aa. So a person may say Aameen based on that, but not because it is specifically related to this du’aa.
And it has been related that when ‘Aa’ishah, radhiyallaahi ‘anhaa had heard the du’aa of those who received some charity, saying, “Baarak Allaahu feekum” she replied “wa feehim baarak Allaahu” and she used to reply to their supplications in a way similar to how the people worded their supplication. See Saheeh Al-Waabilis-Sayyib (p.257)
And Allaah knows best.
And Shaikh Ahmad bin Yahyaa bin Muhammad an-Najmee said in volume one, page 68 of his book “Fathur Rabbil Wadood fil Fataawaa war Rasaa’il war Rudood”, issue # 30:
(What is the) Hukum of the statement (Shukran) (said to the one) who does a favor (or the like) for someone?
The Shaikh answered: “Whoever does that has left off (something) more excellent (or bountiful), and that is, the statement “Jazaakallaahu khairan”!
And with Allaah is the Tawfeeq!
AbooTasneem Dawwod Adib
The Description of the Fear Prayer
By: Shaykh Muhammad Bazmool
(Taken from Explanation of the Prophet’s Prayer Described pg. 140)
The fear prayer has a number of descriptions; each description is in accordance to the level of the fighting:
The First Description: That the Muslims performs the prayer by gesturing, neither bowing nor prostrating; only gestures.
The Second Description: That he prays with the Takbeer and indications (of his movements) only. This is in the case of engaging in battle with the enemy.
The Third Description: That they (the Muslims together) pray with bowings and prostrations. This is the case in which the rank lines up in front of the enemy without engaging them in the battle and without retreating. For verily Allah’s Messenger ﷺ performed the Fear Prayer with one of the two groups while the other group was facing the enemy. Then they finished and stood in the place of their companions facing the enemy while (the second group) came and the prophet ﷺ led them in prayer for a Rak’ah, then the Prophet ﷺ gave the Tasleem; therefore this group completed a Rak’ah and the other group completed a Rak’ah. The description (of the fear prayer) has come in the Noble Qur’aan. The Most High has said:
وَإِذَا كُنتَ فِيهِمْ فَأَقَمْتَ لَهُمُ الصَّلاَةَ فَلْتَقُمْ طَآئِفَةٌ مِّنْهُم مَّعَكَ وَلْيَأْخُذُواْ أَسْلِحَتَهُمْ فَإِذَا سَجَدُواْ فَلْيَكُونُواْ مِن وَرَآئِكُمْ وَلْتَأْتِ طَآئِفَةٌ أُخْرَى لَمْ يُصَلُّواْ فَلْيُصَلُّواْ مَعَكَ وَلْيَأْخُذُواْ حِذْرَهُمْ وَأَسْلِحَتَهُمْ وَدَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَوْ تَغْفُلُونَ عَنْ أَسْلِحَتِكُمْ وَأَمْتِعَتِكُمْ فَيَمِيلُونَ عَلَيْكُم مَّيْلَةً وَاحِدَةً وَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِن كَانَ بِكُمْ أَذًى مِّن مَّطَرٍ أَوْ كُنتُم مَّرْضَى أَن تَضَعُواْ أَسْلِحَتَكُمْ وَخُذُواْ حِذْرَكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ أَعَدَّ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا
When you (O Messenger Muhammad ﷺ) are among them, and lead them in As-Salat (the prayer), let one party of them stand up [in Salat (prayer)] with you taking their arms with them; when they finish their prostrations, let them take their positions in the rear and let the other party come up which has not yet prayed, and let them pray with you taking all the precautions and bearing arms. Those who disbelieve wish, if you were negligent of your arms and your baggage, to attack you in a single rush, but there is no sin on you if you put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because you are ill, but take every precaution for yourselves. Verily, Allaah has prepared a humiliating torment for the disbelievers. (An-Nisa 4:102)
Many descriptions have come for the fear prayer. The People of Hadeeth say that for the fear prayer which has come with an authentic chain, the Muslim may perform it in accordance with the situation of the Jihaad.
Translated by: Raha ibn Donald Batts
 An upcoming T.R.O.I.D. Publication, insha-Allaah
Posted from http://mtws.posterous.com/the-deescription-of-the-fear-prayer-by-shaykh with Permission
- Fear Prayer - Salat ul Istisqa – from Sahih Bukhari – Book 14
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
The Ruku’ of the Messenger (sallaallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Umar Baazmool
Taken From the Book: Sharh Sifah Salatin Nabee‘ (Explanation of the Prophet’s Prayer Described) [currently being translated]
What is the description of the rukoo’?
The description of the rukoo’ is that the individual bends his back and places his hands upon his knees; his back is to be level to the point that if a person were to come with a hollow plate and place it upon his back, it would remain in its place. So this indicates that the back is level.
The author (Shaykh al-Albaanee, rahimahullaah) mentioned in that which he has cited from the ahadeeth, that the Messenger (sallaallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), when he would bow, [he] would spread his back to the point that if someone were to pour water upon it then it would remain in its place. Because then, [the] back is level and is not curved (or bent).
As for the head and the neck, then he would not droop his head, meaning he would not bend it towards the ground. Nor would he raise it, meaning he would not raise it higher that the level of his back. And he is to place his head and neck even with the level of his back. What is affirmed, as the author has mentioned, in the ahadeeth, is that the Messenger (sallaallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would place his palms upon his knees. Not upon his thighs above the knees. Nor upon the shin below the knees. He would separate his fingers and firmly grasp his knees with his hands as if he holding his knees.
Translated by: Raha Batts