Islām’s Prohibition of Taking Lives Unjustly and Causing Fear in the Earth
From the Tafsīr of al-Allāmah ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir al-Sa’dī
Translated by Abū al-Ḥasan Mālik Ādam al-Akhḍar
Relating the story of the Prophet Mūsā (alaihissalam), Allāh (Subhanahu wa ta’aala) says in His Noble Book:
“And he entered the city at a time of inattention by its people and found therein two men ﬁghting: one from his faction and one from among his enemy. And the one from his faction called for help to him against the one from his enemy, so Mūsā struck him and [unintentionally] killed him. [Mūsā] said, ‘This is from the work of Satan. Indeed, he is a manifest, misleading enemy.’He said, ‘My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, so forgive me,’ and He forgave him. Indeed, He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.’” [al-Qaṣaṣ 28:15-16]
Until the verse:
“And when he wanted to strike the one who was an enemy to both of them, he said, ‘O Mūsā, do you intend to kill me as you killed someone yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land and do not want to be of the amenders.’” [al-Qaṣaṣ 28:19]
In his Tafsīr [commentary] of these verses, al-Allāmah ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir al-Sa’dī (rahimahullaah) says:
“And from them (i.e. the beneﬁts of these verses): The killing of a non-Muslim who has a compact [of security] by treaty or customary law is impermissible, for indeed Mūsā(alaihissalam) considered his killing of the disbelieving Copt a sin, and he sought Allāh’s (Subhanahu wa ta’aala) Forgiveness for it.
Also from them: Whoever takes a life unjustly is considered from the oppressors, those who cause corruption in the earth.
And from them: Whoever takes a life unjustly and claims that he desires to rectify the land and to cause fear in the people of sin, then he is indeed a liar in this [claim] and is instead one who causes corruption, just as Allah (Subhanahu wa ta’aala) has related in the Copt’s statement (You only want to be a tyrant in the land and do not want to be of the amenders) by way of affirmation, not negation.”
 This has also been explicitly stated by the Messenger of Allāh (sallallaahu alaihi wa sa in the ḥadīth collected by Imām al-Bukhārī in his Ṣaḥiḥ (no. 2929 and 6524) on the authority of ‘Abd Allāh ibn ‘Amr (radhi Allaahu anhu) who related that Allāh’s Messenger (Sallallaahu alaihi assalam) said: “Whoever killed a Mu’ahid (a non-Muslim who is under the pledge of protection by the Muslims) will not smell the fragrance of Paradise though its fragrance can be smelled at a distance of forty years (of traveling).”
 Taysīr al-Karīm al-Raḥmān (pg. 678)
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Regarding the meat of Ahl-ul-Kitaab in the West
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Abdir-Raheem al-Bukhaaree
Regarding the issue of the meat here (in France): searching for Halaal (lawful) meat was the thing that was widespread here between the Muslims. So they (some du’aat in France) found some fataawaa (religious verdicts) of Shaykh ibn Baaz and Shaykh al-’Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy upon all of them, wherein they said that the person should not search, rather the original ruling is that they are Ahl-ul-Kitaab (People of the Scripture, i.e. Jews and Christians) and their meat is permissible. So they use these fataawaa and say them to the people in general duroos (lessons) in front of the laymen, and this lead to problems between the people since they were convinced that the meat (of the disbelievers) is not Halaal at all in France. So they (those du’aat) literally said to them: “Go to the French restaurants and eat in them.”
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Bukhaaree:
[They said it] unrestricted, just like that?!
Unrestricted! They even told them the name [of the restaurants]. Some of them said… Is McDonalds known to you?
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Bukhaaree:
Yes, it is known.
They said it like this: “Go to McDonalds and eat in it.” Without restraint or anything…
Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Bukhaaree:
I seek refuge with Allaah from betrayal. This is from betrayal! The people are steadfast upon the Command of Allaah searching for Halaal, why do you turn them away [from this]?! This is from the lack of fiqh (understanding) and from recklessness in the understanding – we seek refuge with Allaah. The people are now searching for Halaal, far away from shubhah (doubt), and you come and weaken their determination by saying they shouldn’t search for Halaal and go to it [anymore]. So you made them abandon aiding the truth and adhering to it.
The second thing: the slaughtered meat of Ahl-ul-Kitaab is permissible. Eating it is permissible, not waajib (obligatory)!
The third thing, may Allaah bless you: this is when it is known that he is from Ahl-ul-Kitaab. Not when the Atheïsts, Buddhists, Majoos (fire worshippers), etc. are mixed with them (Ahl-ul-Kitaab). Are you able to determine that the owner of this shop is from Ahl-ul-Kitaab? You aren’t able! The fact that he is in France doesn’t mean [that he is from Ahl-ul-Kitaab]. Right? May Allaah bless you.
So here it is obligatory to be cautious! Cautiousness is obligatory here! When I know that someone is from Ahl-ul-Kitaab and I don’t know how he slaughtered, then there is no problem in eating his meat. If someone asked me: “But if I know that he is from Ahl-ul-Kitaab, and he didn’t slaughter according to the Sharee’ah (Islamic Legislation)?” Then it’s not permissible since he didn’t slaughter it in the first place, this is clear. If it was clearly electrocuted, then it’s not permissible to eat it. This is if it was a Muslim who did it, here in Makkah and al-Madeenah. When it is known that someone did not slaughter according to the Sharee’ah, then it’s not permissible to eat his meat, even if he is a Muslim – not from Ahl-ul-Kitaab. And even if it was next to al-Haram al-Makkee (The Meccan Sanctuary)! Why research things like this, while the people – and all praise is due to Allaah – want to search for their religion and that which makes them steadfast. This one comes and weakens their determination [by saying]: “Go and eat from this and that place.” It is feared that he has some shares in this place (so he invites the people to it)! We ask Allaah for safety.
Translated by brother Yâsîn Abu Ibrâhîm
Watch Video @ http://wp.me/p2sNCV-2oB
- Eating the Meat of Ahl Al-Kitaab (Jews and Christians) - Imaam Ibn Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) & Al-Imaam Ibn Baaz
- [Transcript] Important Principles Regarding Slaughtered Meat – Al-’Allaamah Saalih As-Suhaymee
- Eating the Meat Sacrificed by One who Does not Pray – Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadee
Is it permissible for a lady to pray to Allaah to be granted the death of a martyr? – Shaykh Saalih Muhammad al-Luhaydaan
Q.The questioner is asking is it permissible for a lady to pray to Allaah to be granted the death of a martyr?
A.The shaykh (haafidhahullaah) said it is permissible for a female to request from Allaah (azza wa jall) to be granted the death of a martyr. It is not a condition that in order for a person to die as a martyr that they have to fight. For example, the Prophet (Sallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioned a female that dies during a labour, her death is the death of a martyr. The Prophet (Sallaahu alayhi wa Sallam) questioned the companions, who do you think is a martyr? They said that a person that dies whilst fighting. The Prophet (Sallaahu alayhi wa Sallam) responded by saying then that means the martyrs in my ummah are very few. That means the martyrs in my ummah are very few. Rather whoever dies trying to establish the word of Allaah to be the upmost throughout the earth then this person is a martyr. And the Prophet (Sallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) continued… Whoever dies because of an illness in his stomach, he is a martyr. Then he continued… a female that dies during childbirth she is a martyr. The individual who dies while drowning he or she is a martyr. An individual who dies in a fire they are a martyr. An individual who dies because of a building or something collapsing upon them they likewise are martyrs. The shaykh mentioned (haafidhahullaahu ta’alaa) but these are individuals who died upon tawheed. An individual who dies whilst committing shirk would not be considered a martyr even if they died by one of these previously mentioned means.
Shaykh Saalih Muhammad al-Luhaydaan (May Allaah preserve him) (Kitaab-ut-Tawheed Class, Q&A Session 06-10-2012, Riyadh)
Posted from: http://salafipress.wordpress.com
- Ask Allah sincerely for martyrdom [Allahumma inni as'aluk ash-shahadah]
- Whoever asks Allaah sincerely for martyrdom.. – Story of Umm Waraqah bint ‘Abdullaah bin Haarith Ansariah (radiallaahu ‘anhaa)
- Martyrdom without Fighting – Riyadh ul saaliheen
Just Learn your Religion and Do Not Burden yourself with Fiqh al-Waaqi’ (science of the current affairs) and Political agitations – ash-Shaykh Muhammad Amaan bin ‘Alee al-Jaamee
“Until when will we say: ‘Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you’?”
ash-Shaykh al-’Allaamah Muhammad Amaan bin ‘Alee al-Jaamee
A student of knowledge asks how he should seek knowledge, how he should study the books he’s studying and how he should stick to the scholars.
Sadly, the small students of knowledge in this time busy themselves with siyaasah (politics) while they don’t know the meaning of siyaasah. It is often the case that students come to my house when I arrive here, in ar-Riyaad and in al-Kharj. I was expecting them to ask me questions related to knowledge, but instead they ask me about the agitations, the jamaa’aat (groups) and the ideologies. They busy themselves [with this].
Whoever wants to seek knowledge should turn himself completely away from the traces of [political] agitation and he should begin with memorizing the small books. He should begin with al-Usool ath-Thalaathah (the Three Fundamentals) and not pay any attention to the statement of the agitating troublemakers who say, “Until when will we say: ‘Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you’? Until when?”
Until you die, you will say these words! And when you die you will be asked in your grave about that which you used to ridicule: “Who is your Lord? What is your religion? Who is your Prophet?” You ridicule this in your life, while you will be asked in your grave about that which you used to ridicule. The first thing you will be asked about, is the meaning of al-Usool ath-Thalaathah.
Don’t pay any attention to this harmful agitation! Memorize this small book which contains Tawheed, the rulings and the actualisation of the statement of Tawheed. Nawaaqid al-Islaam (the Nullifiers of Islaam) and al-Qawaa’id al-Arba’ (the Four Principles): memorize these like the memorisation of al-Faatihah. Then go to the students of knowledge so that they can explain it to you and so that you understand it.
I am sure that a student of knowledge who understands al-Usool ath-Thalaathah; if he was sent as a daa’iyah (caller) to a non-Arabic country, he would become [like] ibn Taymiyyah there (in the eyes of the people). With al-Usool ath-Thalaathah! And this is something which has been noticed before. If you have memorized this text and understood it, and you stand there between the Africans and Asians explaining al-Usool ath-Thalaathah to them, then you will be [like] ibn Taymiyyah there. But, all praise is due to Allaah, their children there are memorizing it, but they need someone to explain it to them. Don’t let them lead you to destruction! Don’t let those, who don’t [sincerely] advise, lead you to destruction!
Memorize these books: Kitaab at-Tawheed, al-Bayqooniyyah, al-Arba’een an-Nawawiyyah. These books! You busy yourselves here [with other things], while the children of the Muslims in India, Pakistan and Africa are memorizing these books. With these two ears of me I listened to African youth while they were memorizing al-Usool ath-Thalaathah, Kashf ash-Shubuhaat, Kitaab at-Tawheed and al-Arba’een an-Nawawiyyah. I stood there in the classroom listening to them while they were memorizing [these texts] like the memorisation of al-Faatihah.
This is because the [political] agitation has not reached that place; they are upon al-Fitrah (natural disposition). We ask Allaah to protect them from that which has affected many of the youth. So memorize these texts and then go to the Scholars and the students of knowledge (for the explanation). Then you can continue with more detailed and advanced [books]. Begin with the small affairs of knowledge, until you reach the big affairs of knowledge – if this expression is correct.
This is how the one who wants to seek knowledge progresses. And he should never listen to these agitations which take place around him! A person might say to himself, “Does this mean that you want us to live isolated from the world, and that we don’t have any knowledge about Fiqh al-Waaqi’ (science of the current affairs)?”
As for Fiqh al-Waaqi’: listen to the radio and read the newspaper sometimes. Fiqh al-Waaqi’ will reach you while you are walking in the street, while you are in the car or at home.
Do not burden yourself [with this], just learn [your religion] and stick to knowledge.
Translated by Yâsîn Abu Ibrâhîm
The Weight of ‘Laa ilaaha illAllaah’
`Abdullaah ibn `Amr said, “Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu ` alayhi wa sallam said,
‘A man from my nation will be called out in front of the whole of the creation on the Day of Resurrection. So ninety-nine scrolls will be laid out for him. Each of the scrolls will be as far as the eye can see. Then it will be said, “Do you deny anything from this?” So he will say, “No, O my Lord.” So it will be said, “Do you have any excuse or any good deed?” So the man will fear and he will say, “No.” So it will be said: “Yes indeed, you have good deeds with Us. You will not be wronged with regard to them.” So a parchment will be brought out for him containing, ‘I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. So he will say, “O my Lord, what is this parchment in comparison to those scrolls?” So it will be said, “You will not be wronged.” So the scrolls will be placed on one scale and that parchment will be placed on one scale. So the scrolls will be lighter and the parchment will outweigh.’”
Reported by Ibnul-Mubaarak in his book az-Zuhd and in his Musnad and by Imaam Ahmad and by at-Tirmithee and Ibn Maajah and others besides.
Shaykh al-Albaanee declared this hadeeth saheeh, authentic.
Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee hafizahullaah mentioned some points of benefit with regard to this hadeeth. He said, “The hadeeth contains a number of points of benefit.
“The first benefit is that the people of sins will be beneath al-mashee·ah (Allaah’s Will and Wish). If Allaah wishes He will forgive them by His favour. And if He wishes He will punish them by His justice.
“The second point of benefit is that whoever is such that his eemaan (true belief) and his towheed is strong, and his attachment to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, this fact may be a means for wiping away all of his evil deeds. And there is no clearer proof for this than the fact that this small parchment will outweigh and overcome all of the rest of the scrolls.
“The third point of benefit is that the person who is guilty of major sin, he does not become a disbeliever, as the Khawaarij and the Mu`tazilah claimed. Rather he is beneath mashee·atullaah (the Wish and Will of Allaah). So even if he is punished, then still he will not remain forever in the Fire.
“The fourth point of benefit is the tremendous virtue of Laa ilaaha illAllaah, none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah over the rest of deeds. So when a Muslim says it, knowing its meaning and acting in accordance with it, then that is the case, tremendous.
“The fifth point of benefit is establishment of al-meezaan (Balance of deeds) with which the deeds will be weighed on the Day of Resurrection, and that it is a balance which is true and real. It will be erected on the Open Plain of the Resurrection before the passing over the Siraat (Bridge). This is the most correct of the sayings which the People of Knowledge mention.”
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank rahimahullaah
- The Virtue of “Laa ilaaha illallaah” - From the Works of Imaam Ibn Maajah and Imaam Tirmidhee - Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank rahimahullaah
Do you want to listen to tapes? Listen to the pure people of the Sunnah and the pure scholars of the Sunnah – Shaykh ‘Abdul-Laah bin ‘Abdir-Raheem al-Bukhaaree
Do you advise us to listen to the tapes of so and so?
Shaykh ‘Abdul-Laah bin ‘Abdir-Raheem al-Bukhaaree
This is a question, “Do you advise us to listen to the tapes of fulaan (so and so) and fulaan?” He named some individuals here, and there is no need to mention them. I will give you a shorter answer:
Do you want to listen to tapes? Listen to the pure people of the Sunnah and the pure scholars of the Sunnah. For verily, in them there is contentment and sufficiency! There are many of scholars from the scholars of the Sunnah, so why do you ask about those about whom there are correct and clear statements [of the scholars] and who are far away from the Sunnah from every aspect? And you leave those who are from Ahl-us-Sunnah from every aspect? This is from the lack of fiqh (understanding).
I.e. for example: ash-Shaykh al-Imaam ‘Abdul-’Azeez bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, he has tapes with shuruhaat (explanations) and his tapes are many, correct? And our Shaykh, ash-Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy upon all of them, his tapes are many. And ash-Shaykh al-Imaam al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, [his tapes] are also many. And ash-Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee [his tapes] are many. And Shaykh al-Fawzaan [his tapes] are also many, and other than them from the scholars of the Sunnah. Correct? How many are these? How many tapes? I.e. if we say: ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul-’Azeez, ash-Shaykh bin ‘Uthaymeen and al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy upon all of them… I say: al-Albaanee has around 5000 recorded tapes. And Shaykh Muhammad (bin ‘Uthaymeen) and Shaykh ‘Abdul-’Azeez, if we say that they both have 5000 tapes; how many tapes are these? 10,000 tapes. If you listen every day to one tape, then you have 10,000 days left. If you listen every day to two tapes, you have 5000 days left. Correct?
Then there also remain, as we said, many collections [of tapes] which you need thousands and thousands of days for. Believe me, if you listen – and I don’t say 5000 or 2000 – if you listen to them only 360 days in a year… Are there 360 or 365 days [in a year]? (Audience replies with different answers) 60 or 65? Anyway, one full year. In one full year, you are not able to listen to other than them! If you listen to the scholars of the Sunnah, then you are – by Allaah – not able to listen to other than them!
Translated by: Yâsîn Abu Ibrâhîm
Taken from : http://rahmaniyyahpublishing.wordpress.com
The Condition of the Salaf in Ramadhaan
Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
I have some questions; the first question: what was the state of the Salaf As-Saalih, may Allaah have mercy upon them and be pleased with them, in anticipation of this great month? How was their guidance? How was their character and their conduct? The second matter, O eminent Shaykh, how does the Muslim prepare to take advantage of these nights and days which he is now living in; preparation by way of knowledge, by knowing the rulings of fasting and knowing the nullifiers of the fast and its rulings? Some of the people are heedless of these things so they do not understand the affair of fasting and they also do not have the obligatory understanding of the affair of the fast, has the Shaykh noticed this matter? May Allaah reward you.
In the name of Allaah the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. Wa Alaykum As-Salaam wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuh; may Allaah bless you. Regarding that which you have drawn attention to, from these two great matters; the first question is regarding the condition of the Salaf in the month of Ramadhaan. The condition of the Salaf, as it is recorded in the narrated books with chains of narrations from the trustworthy people (narrating) from them is that they would ask Allaah the Mighty and Majestic to make them reach Ramadhaan before it entered; they would ask Allaah to make them reach the month of Ramadhaan due to what they knew that it contained from abundant good and general benefit. Then, when Ramadhaan entered, they would ask Allaah to aid them upon righteous actions therein. The when Ramadhaan ended they would ask Allaah to accept it from them. As Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:
وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْتُونَ مَا آتَوْا وَقُلُوبُهُمْ وَجِلَةٌ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ رَاجِعُونَ ٦٠ أُولَئِكَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَهُمْ لَهَا سَابِقُونَ ٦١
“And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning). It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. offering the compulsory Salât (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times and so on].”(Al-Mu’minun 23:60-61)
They would strive hard in doing actions, then worry would afflict them, after the action, as to whether their action was accepted or not. That was due to their knowledge of the greatness of Allaah and their knowledge that Allaah does not accept except that (action) which is done purely for His face and correctly in accordance with the Sunnah of His Messenger from actions. So they would not purify themselves, and they would fear that their actions would be rendered null. So (worry) that they (the action) will be accepted was weightier with them than (even) the performance of them. This is because Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:
إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ
“Verily, Allaah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).” (Al-Ma’idah 5:27)
So they would devote their time within this month, as we have previously mentioned, to worship and would minimize actions of the Dunyaa. They would spend their time sitting in the houses of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and they would say: We are safeguarding our fast and we will not backbite anyone. They would read the Mus-hafs and study the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. They would safeguard its time from squandering. They were not heedless or negligent as many of the people are today. Rather, they would preserve its time; the night, by standing (in prayer) and the day by fasting, recitation of the Qur’aan, the remembrance of Allaah, and righteous actions. They were not negligent therein of (even) a minute or a second, except that they would put forth therein righteous actions. This is the first question.
Translated by Raha ibn Donald Batts
Posted from: http://mtws.posthaven.com
[E-Book] The Descripitions of the Prophets Prayer from Pure Sunnah With illustrations – Shaykh Muhammad Bazmool
This eBook MAY be copied, used, and distributed for FREE, for Da’wah and teaching purposes only. It may not be printed and sold for profit without the permission of al-Binaa ebook publishing and MTWS Publishing.
MTWS Publishing / Markaz Tawheed was-Sunnah
Translator: Raha ibn Donald Batts
Translation Verified By: Aboo Qaylah Rasheed Barbee
Should I seek knowledge so I can become a Scholar?
Shaykh Abdullah Bukhari responds
The questioner says: What is your view on the person who says, “I’m seeking knowledge so I can become a Scholar?
Shaykh Abdullah Bukhari:
There is no might or power except with Allah. This statement is not permissible, and it is a contemptible statement. Rather it is obligatory upon the slave to seek knowledge so he can meet Allah the Exalted while He is pleased with him.
And as Ibn Al Qayyim may Allah have mercy upon him said: The scholars are of two categories. And he mentioned the evil scholars who call the people to paradise with their statements and call them to the hell-fire with their actions. Every time their words say to the people ‘rush forward’, their actions say ‘don’t do it’. Thus seemingly they are humble while in reality they are highway robbers.
Thus it is obligatory for the person to purify this great act of worship for Allah the Exalted. And it is not permissible for him to say the likes of this statement. He should only seek knowledge to raise ignorance off himself and to know that which is incumbent upon him to learn.
قُلْ هَذِهِ سَبِيلِيَ أَدْعُو إِلَى اللَّهِ عَلَى بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي
Say, “This is my way; I invite to Allah with sure knowledge; I and those who follow me.
(Soorah Yusuf 12:108)
It is incumbent upon the person to learn so he can work by his knowledge. And the person may never become a scholar; thus will he give up seeking knowledge? When will the person become a scholar? Does it take a day, or two days, or a year or two years, or a month or two months? He may sit his entire life and not become a scholar. Thus he will fail, and with Allah refuge is sought.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
- The Intention Behind Seeking Knowledge
The above article is taken from Islaamic Magazine called “Ad-da’wah ilallaah: The Call to Allaah”, (Vol 1/Issue 3)
- Seeking Knowledge and Ones Intensions - by Shaikh Saleh ibn Abdul-Azeez Aal-Sheikh
- A Precious and Valuable Gem: The (Religious) Scholar Whose Deeds are Inconsistent with his Knowledge - Imam Ibn al Qayyim
- Virtues of Knowledge which is Learnt and Taught for the sake of Allah - Riyaad as saliheen