Shaving the Beard and the Moustache – Shaykh Muhammad ibn Haadee
This question has come via the web; it says: May Allaah treat you well; what is the ruling on shaving the chin; meaning, the beard; or shortening it, or lining it, may Allaah reward you with good?
Shaving the beard is not permissible. SHAVING IT IS HARAAM! The Prophet ﷺ says:
جُزُّوا الشَّوَارِبَ وَاعْفُوا اللِّحَى
“Trim the Moustache and grow the beard.”
“Let the beards grow.”
“Let the beards grow fully.”
“Differ from the polytheists.”
Hence, shaving the beards contains imitation of the polytheists. And the “polytheists” here refers to the people of the Book; the Jews and the Christians. This does not mean that if there are now individuals from them who grow their beards that we, in efforts to be different from them, shave our beards; no. The Prophet ﷺ has clarified the basis regarding which is the reason that this Hadeeth has come; and it is that these people would shave their beards. Likewise, the Persians would shave their beards; i.e. the people of Persia; and they would let their moustaches grow thick and lengthen them. So the Prophet ﷺ has commanded us with that. So when they let it grow then they have returned to the Fitrah and they have come to our path, which is the Fitrah. Na’am.
The point is that it is not permissible to shave the beard, which is referred to as shaving the chin. As for shortening it, then likewise, this is not permissible, while it is lighter than removing it completely. This is because to remove it completely is imitation of these people and it is, as well, an imitation of the women. This is because Allaah the Majestic and High has honored the men by placing this trait within them; which is the beard, and it indicates masculinity and manliness. So the one who removes it imitates the women, and we ask Allaah for security and safety.
So the peril of removing it is great and it is a great evil, and taking from it is prohibited, however, without doubt it is lighter than the former. For by way of the former, there does not remain any sign of manliness upon the face.
They have increased upon this today; they (even) shave their moustaches and their beards. We ask Allaah for security and safety. This is imitation of the disbelievers; the west. The west, this is known amongst them. The first amongst whom this was known, as is said, was French. Then it entered thereafter into the lands of the Muslims from the lands of Morocco and it came as well from the foreign lands and it entered by way of the lands of Rome into some of the Arab lands. So it came into the lands of Shaam and this occurred which has occurred in this later time. We ask Allaah for security and safety.
Removing the moustache along with the beard is greater and greater in terms of the crime. Because the Prophet ﷺ said:
“Trim the moustaches.”
He didn’t say: Shave it. According to Imaam Maalik, shaving the moustache was mutilation; mutilating; the person is mutilating the creation of Allaah; and according to him a punishment is meted out for it. So how about today, wherein many people shave their moustache and their beard? They have become smooth faced and clean shaven; you cannot see in his face anything from manliness.
When he sees one who has a beard; one who is upon the Sunnah and upon the Fitrah which the Arabs were upon in their days of Jaahiliyah, you see him, when he sees you saying: “Yaa Dhiqn (O, the chin).” He mocks you; as if he is upon the correct path, whereas the issue is the other way around. Ay Na’am. For these, we ask Allaah for security and safety; we ask Allaah for security and safety. So it is not permissible for the Muslim to do this, O brother questioner.
Translated by: Raha ibn Donald Batts
Video Courtesy: Eesa Ibn Roy