Speech is Attributed to He who Said it Initially
From Him it began and to Him it shall return, and He spoke in reality.
He said,”From Him it began.” Meaning, it was sent down by Allah Subahana wa ta’alaa when Allah spoke it in reality. And Jibreel heard it from Him and descended down to Muhammed Salallahu alayhi wa Salam conveyed it to his Ummah. So it is the speech of Allah in reality, not metaphorically. As for His statement,
“Indeed it (i.e the Qur’an) is a word conveyed by a noble Messenger (i.e Jibreel) who is possessed of power and secure in position with the Owner of the Throne.” (Surat-Takweer 81:19-20)
Meaning Jibreel Alayhi Salam. And He said,
“Indeed it (i.e The Qur’an) is the word of a noble Messenger and it is not the word of a poet.” (Surat al-Haaqqah 69:40-41)
Meaning Muhammed Salallahu alayhi wa Salam. He connected it to the human Messenger at times and to the angelic Messenger at other times and He connected it to Himself Subahana wa ta’alaa at other times.
So it is said that the speech is only attached to the one who originally said it. As for it being attached to Jibreel, or to Muhammed, then it is only attached as the delivering of the message. And it is never possible for a single statement to have been said by more than one speaker. So this proves that it is the speach of Allah. However, it is attached to Jibreel and to Muhammed in His statement,
” Indeed, it (i.e the Qur’an) is the word of a noble Messenger” (Surat al-Haaqqah 69:40)
It is the attachement of conveying a message and the speech is only attached to the one who said it initially, not to those who said it to deliver and convey.
So this is the answer to this doubt which is attached to that. He said,”And to Him it shall return.” He has alluded to what will occur in the last times when the Qur’an will be raised up. And it will be taken from the chests of the men from the books, and not a trace will remain. And that is from the signs of the Hour. So just as it was sent down from Him, then it will be raised up in the last times and returns to Him Subahana wa ta’alaa. And no Qur’an will remain upon the earth.
He said,”He spoke in reality.” This is a refutation upon those who say,’He spoke it metaphorically. So the attachment to Allah is by way of metaphor, because He is the One who created the speech and then attached it to Himself metaphorically’.
And it is not the self-existent meaning as the Ashaa’irah say. And it is not created as the Jahmiyyah say. It is only spoken by Allah in reality, and Jibreel heard it from Him and he carried it from Allah Subahana wa ta’alaa and conveyed it to His Prophet, Muhammed Salallahu alayhi wa Salam. So the Qur’an is from Muhammed, from Jibreel, from Allah Subahana wa ta’alaa. This is the sanad (chain of narration), from the Qur’an as Allah Subahana wa ta’alaa said,
“Indeed, it (i.e the Qur’an) is a word conveyed by a noble Messenger (i.e Jibreel) whi is possessed of power and secure in position with the Owner of the Throne, obeyed there and trustworthy”. (Surat al-Takweer 81:19-21)
Also this refers to Jibreel. Then He said,
“And your companion is not…” (Surat al Takweer 81:22)
Meaning Muhammed Salallahu alayhi wa Salam,
” And your companion is not at all mad”. (Surat al Takweer 81:22)
As the disbelievers say.
” And he has already seen him (Surat al Takweer 81:23)
That is, he saw Jibreel Alayhi Salam in his true angelic form.
“…in the clear horizon.” (Surat al Takweer 81:23)
He saw Jibreel whilst he was in the horizon in his true form in th valley of Makkah. And he saw him in another time during the night of al-Miraaj (ascent) at the remotest tree (as-sidratul-muntahaa).
“And he certainly saw him in another descent.” (Surat al Najm 53:13)
That is, he saw Jibreel at the remotest tree during the night of al-Miraaj (ascent). So the Prophet Salallahu alayhi wa Salam saw Jibreel in his natural angelic form two times(related by al Bukhari no 3235 and Muslim no 177). And at other times Jibreel came in the form of a human being and the Companions saw him in a form of a human being and they thought that he was from amongst mankind and that he had traveled to the Messenger Salallahu alayhi wa Salam.(realted by Muslim no8).
Taken from the book Explanation of the Reformer, Muhammed Ibn Abdul Wahab Explained by the Noble Sheikh Dr. Saalih Ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan p 81-84